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Taxon: Populus deltoides W. Bartram ex Marshall

Genus: Populus
Family: Salicaceae
Nomen number: 29382
Place of publication: Arbust. amer. 106. 1785
Name verified on: 11-May-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 11-May-2011
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA).
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • eastern cottonwood   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • eastern cottonwood   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Populus deltoides subsp. deltoides]
  • eastern poplar   (Source: AH 519 ) – English   [Populus deltoides subsp. deltoides]
  • match poplar   (Source: Weeds SAfr 2001 ) – English
  • necklace poplar   (Source: BSBI ) – English
  • necklace poplar   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English   [Populus deltoides subsp. deltoides]
  • plains cottonwood   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Populus deltoides subsp. monilifera]
  • plains poplar   (Source: AH 519 ) – English   [Populus deltoides subsp. monilifera]
  • Rio Grande cottonwood   (Source: Trees US [as P. fremontii var. wislizeni]) – English   [Populus deltoides subsp. wislizeni]
  • southern cottonwood   (Source: AH 519 ) – English   [Populus deltoides subsp. deltoides]
  • vuurhoutjiepopulier   (Source: Weeds SAfr 2001 ) – Afrikaans
  • cotonier   (Source: F NAmer ) – French
  • Karolina-Pappel   (Source: Zander ed16 ) – German   [Populus deltoides subsp. deltoides]
  • virginische Pappel   (Source: Zander ed16 ) – German   [Populus deltoides subsp. deltoides]
  • álamillo   (Source: F NAmer ) – Spanish   [Populus deltoides subsp. wislizeni]
  • álamo   (Source: Trees US ) – Spanish   [Populus deltoides subsp. wislizeni]

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario [s.], Quebec [s.]
    Western Canada: Canada - Alberta [s.], Manitoba [s.], Saskatchewan [s.]
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Michigan, New Hampshire [s.w.], New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont, West Virginia
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota [e.], Wisconsin
    Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado [e.], Montana, Wyoming [e.]
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico [n.e.], Texas
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, Utah [s.e.]
    Northern Mexico: Mexico - Chihuahua

  • naturalized elsewhere


  • Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  • Boutelje, J. B. 1980. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Eckenwalder, J. E. 1977. North American cottonwoods (Populus, Salicaceae) of sections Abaso and Aigeiros. J. Arnold Arbor. 58:?.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Englert, J. M. et al. 1999–. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Henderson, L. 2001. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12.
  • Hitchcock, C. L. et al. 1955–1969. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541.
  • Martin, W. C. & C. R. Hutchins. 1980. A flora of New Mexico.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Nasir, S. M. & M. Athar. 1998. Fuelwood as an energy source. Phytologia 85:106.
  • Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  • Steward, A. N. 1958. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.


Check other web resources for Populus deltoides W. Bartram ex Marshall:


  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (09 October 2015)

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