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  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Poncirus trifoliata (L.) Raf.

Genus: Poncirus
Family: Rutaceae subfamily: Aurantioideae tribe: Aurantieae subtribe: Citrinae.
Nomen number: 29344
Place of publication: Sylva tellur. 143. 1838
Name verified on: 15-May-2008 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 15-May-2008
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Riverside (RIV).
Accessions: 82 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


Common names:

  • hardy-orange   (Source: Herbs Commerce ed2 ) – English
  • Japanese bitter-orange   (Source: BSBI ) – English
  • trifoliate-orange   (Source: Bot Citrus 368. 1943) – English
  • zhi   (Source: F ChinaEng [as Citrus trifoliata]) – Transcribed Chinese
  • oranger trifoliolé   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • poncirus   (Source: Les Agrumes ) – French
  • dreiblättrige Bitterorange   (Source: S. Reichel, p.c.) – German
  • taengjanamu   (Source: Kulturpflanze 34:119) – Transcribed Korean
  • limoeiro-trifoliado   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • naranjo trébol   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • citrontörne   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide Bot Citrus)
  • Gene sources: cold tolerance for citrus   (fide Citrus CGC, pers. comm. 1998)
  • Gene sources: disease resistance for citrus   (fide Citrus CGC, pers. comm. 1998)
  • Gene sources: dwarfing for citrus   (fide Citrus CGC, pers. comm. 1998)
  • Gene sources: graft stock for kumquats   (fide Pl Res SEAs 2:171. 1991)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for citrus   (based on crosses with several species of Citrus fide Breed Pl Tree Crops 117. 2009)
  • Gene sources: poor-soil tolerance for citrus   (fide Citrus CGC, pers. comm. 1998)
  • Medicines: folklore   (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals   (fide Lampe & McCann)
More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    China: China - Anhui, Gansu [s.], Guangdong [n.], Guangxi [n.], Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi [n.w.], Shaanxi [s.], Shandong, Shanxi [s.], Zhejiang

      Cultivated:
  • widely cultivated in temperate regions

References:

  • Bhusal, R. C. et al. 2002. Selection of rootstocks for flooding and drought tolerance in citrus species. Pakistan J. Biol. Sci. 5:509–512. [this study tested Poncirus trifoliata for flood and drought tolerance; it found it to be drought tolerant].
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  • Cantuarias-Avolés, T. et al. 2010. Tree performance and fruit yield and quality of 'Okitsu' Satsuma mandarin grafted on 12 rootstocks. Sci. Hort. 123:318–322.
  • Citrus Crop Germplasm Committee. 1998. pers. comm. [re. common names].
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. [= Citrus trifoliata L.].
  • Courboulex, M. & H. de Lorrain. 1997. Les agrumes: oranges, citron, pamplemousses, kumquats. [re. French common names].
  • Dambier, D. et al. 2011. Somatic hybridization for citrus rootstock breeding: an effective tool to solve important issues of the Mediterranean citrus industry. Pl. Cell Rep. 30:883–900. [as a source of novel tetraploid hybrids with Citrus resistant to citrus Tristeza virus].
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants.
  • Forest Experimental Station, Korea. 1966. Illustrated woody plants of Korea.
  • Froelicher, Y. et al. 2011. New universal mitochondrial PCR markers reveal new information on maternal citrus phylogeny. Tree Genet. Genomes 7:49–61. [this study examined the origin and maternal phylogeny of cultivated citrus; it included two samples of Poncirus trifoliata; these samples clustered together and apart from other mitotypes of Citrus - Fortunella].
  • Gmitter, F. G. et al. 2009. Citrus breeding. 105–134 In: Jain, S. M. & P.M. Priyadarshan, eds., Breeding plantation tree crops: temperate species. 105–134.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Jiangsu Inst. Bot., ed. v. 1; Shan. R. H., ed. v. 2. 1977–1982. Jiangsu Zhiwuzhi (Flora of Jiangsu).
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:119.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  • Natural Products Research Institute, Seoul National University. 1998. Medicinal plants in the Republic of Korea. WHO Regional Publications Western Pacific Series No. 21.
  • Penjor, T. et al. 2013. Phylogenetic relationships of Citrus and its relatives based on matK gene sequences. PLoS One 8(4): e62574.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Reichel, S. 1998. pers. comm. [re. German common names].
  • Spiegel-Roy, P. & E. E. Goldschmidt. 1996. Biology of Citrus. Cambridge Univ. Press.
  • Steward, A. N. 1958. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley.
  • Swingle, W. T. & P. C. Reece. 1967. The botany of Citrus and its wild relatives.
  • Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts. 2:171 In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 2:171.
  • Walker, E. 1976. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition). [= Citrus trifoliata L.].
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Poncirus trifoliata (L.) Raf.:

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Check other web resources for images:

  • PlantSystematics.org
  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?29344 (24 April 2014)

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