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Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Poa pratensis L.

Genus: Poa
Family: Poaceae (alt. Gramineae) subfamily: Pooideae tribe: Poeae subtribe: Poinae
Nomen number: 28996
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:67. 1753, nom. cons.
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Comments:Name verified on: 13-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 21-May-2013
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6).
Accessions: 813 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • only available ) NPGS core subset accessions for the crop ‘GRASS-COOLSEASON’ ) or .
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • English meadow grass   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • Kentucky bluegrass   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • Kentucky bluegrass   (Source: Zander ed16 ) – English   [Poa pratensis subsp. pratensis]
  • narrow-leaf meadow grass   (Source: F GB Ire [as P. angustifolia]) – English   [Poa pratensis subsp. angustifolia]
  • northern meadow grass   (Source: F Svalbard [as P. alpigena]) – English   [Poa pratensis subsp. alpigena]
  • smooth meadow grass   (Source: F GB Ire ) – English   [Poa pratensis subsp. pratensis]
  • smooth meadow grass   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • cao di zao shu he   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • pâturin des prés   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • schmalblättriges Rispengras   (Source: Zander ed16 ) – German   [Poa pratensis subsp. angustifolia]
  • Wiesenrispengras   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • Wiesenrispengras   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Poa pratensis subsp. pratensis]
  • erba fienarola   (Source: Mult Glossary Crops ) – Italian
  • nagahagusa   (Source: F JapanOhwi ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • wangpoapul   (Source: F Korea ) – Transcribed Korean
  • capim-do-campo   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • mjatlik lugovoj   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Transliterated Russian
  • grama de prados   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • poa común   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • zacate poa   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • ängsgröe   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
  • nordgröe   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish   [Poa pratensis subsp. alpigena]
  • smalgröe   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish   [Poa pratensis subsp. angustifolia]

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
    Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    Northern Africa: Algeria; Libya; Morocco
    Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    Mongolia: Mongolia
    Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Far East
    Indian Subcontinent: India [n.]; Pakistan
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Svalbard and Jan Mayen; Sweden; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece [incl. Crete]; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Subarctic America: Canada - Northwest Territory, Yukon Territory; United States - Alaska
    Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec
    Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
    China: China
    United States




Check other web resources for Poa pratensis L.:


  • GRIN Images of germplasm accessions.
  • Florets: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Florets: Seed ID Workshop image, from Department of Horticulture and Crop Science, Ohio State University
  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (27 November 2015)

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