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Taxon: Amelanchier alnifolia (Nutt.) Nutt. ex M. Roem.

Genus: Amelanchier
Family: Rosaceae subfamily: Amygdaloideae tribe: Maleae subtribe: Malinae
Nomen number: 2870
Place of publication: Fam. nat. syn. monogr. 3:147. 1847 (T. Nuttall, J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 7:22. 1834, nom. nud.)
Name verified on: 09-Dec-1986 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 01-Feb-2012
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA).
Accessions: 53 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • alder-leaf shadbush   (Source: F NAmer ) – English   [Amelanchier alnifolia var. alnifolia]
  • dwarf shadbush   (Source: F NAmer ) – English   [Amelanchier alnifolia var. pumila]
  • juneberry   (Source: Trees US ) – English
  • Pacific serviceberry   (Source: Trees US ) – English
  • saskatoon   (Source: F NAmer ) – English   [Amelanchier alnifolia var. alnifolia]
  • saskatoon   (Source: Glea Cron ed2 ) – English
  • saskatoon serviceberry   (Source: F NAmer ) – English   [Amelanchier alnifolia var. alnifolia]
  • saskatoon serviceberry   (Source: Trees US ) – English
  • saskatoon-berry   (Source: F Canada ) – English
  • saskatoon-berry   (Source: F NAmer ) – English   [Amelanchier alnifolia var. alnifolia]
  • western juneberry   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – English
  • western serviceberry   (Source: Trees US ) – English
  • western shadbush   (Source: Trees US ) – English
  • amélanchier à feuilles d'aulne   (Source: F NAmer ) – French   [Amelanchier alnifolia var. alnifolia]
  • erlenblättrige Felsenbirne   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German

Economic importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control   (for riparian areas, reclamation, and shelterbelts fide Dict Gard)
  • Environmental: revegetator   (for riparian areas, reclamation, and shelterbelts fide Dict Gard)
  • Environmental: shade/shelter   (for riparian areas, reclamation, and shelterbelts fide Dict Gard)
  • Human food: fruit   (fide Food Feed Crops US; NRCS Cons Pl Mat 2001)
  • Medicines: folklore   (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Subarctic America: Canada - Northwest Territory [s.w.], Yukon Territory; United States - Alaska
    Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario, Quebec [w.]
    Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Iowa [n.], Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota
    Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California, Utah

  • also cultivated


  • Eilers, L. J. & D. M. Roosa. 1994. The vascular plants of Iowa.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. [lists as A. alnifolia (Nutt.) Nutt.].
  • Englert, J. M. et al. 1999–. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. [lists as A. alnifolia Nutt.].
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6.
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. [lists as A. alnifolia (Nutt.) Nutt.].
  • Hitchcock, C. L. et al. 1955–1969. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. [lists as A. alnifolia Nutt.].
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. [lists as A. alnifolia (Nutt.) Nutt.].
  • IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  • Kartesz, J. T. & K. N. Gandhi. 1992. Nomenclatural notes for the North American flora. XI. Phytologia 73:129.
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. [with four varieties].
  • Landry, P. 1975. Le concept d'espèce et la taxinomie du genre Amelanchier (Rosacées). Bull. Soc. Bot. France 122:249. [= A. sanguinea var. alnifolia (Nutt.) Landry].
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. [lists as A. alnifolia (Nutt.) Nutt.].
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains. [lists as A. alnifolia Nutt.].
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Moss, E. H. & J. G. Packer. 1983. Flora of Alberta, ed. 2. [lists as A. alnifolia Nutt.].
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  • Ownbey, G. B. & T. Morley. 1991. Vascular plants of Minnesota: a checklist and atlas.
  • Porsild, A. E. & W. J. Cody. 1980. Vascular plants of continental Northwest Territories, Canada. [lists as A. alnifolia Nutt.].
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1978–1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. [lists as A. alnifolia Nutt.].
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986–. European garden flora.
  • Welsh, S. L. et al. 1993. A Utah flora. [lists as A. alnifolia (Nutt.) Nutt.].


Check other web resources for Amelanchier alnifolia (Nutt.) Nutt. ex M. Roem.:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (10 October 2015)

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