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Taxon: Pistacia vera L.

Genus: Pistacia
Family: Anacardiaceae subfamily: Anacardioideae. Also placed in: Pistaciaceae
Nomen number: 28655
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1025. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Name verified on: 15-Nov-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 15-Nov-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV).
Accessions: 202 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


Common names:

  • green-almond   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English
  • pistachio   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • fustuq   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Transliterated Arabic
  • pistache   (Source: Websters Dict ) – French
  • pistachier   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – French
  • pistachier cultivé   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • echte Pistazie   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – German
  • Pistazie   (Source: S. Reichel, p.c.) – German
  • Pistazienbaum   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • pistacchio   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Italian
  • alfónsico   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Portuguese
  • pistacheira   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Portuguese
  • alfónsigo   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Spanish
  • pistachero   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • pistasch   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
More:

Economic importance:

  • Human food: nut   (fide Pl Book; Wealth India RM)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of pistachio   (fide Sci. Hort. 128:249-254.)
More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Afghanistan [n.]; Iran [n.e.]
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan

      Cultivated:
  • also cultivated

References:

  • AL-Saghir, M. G. & D. M. Porter. 2012. Taxonomy revision of the genus Pistacia L. (Anacardiaceae). Amer. J. Pl. Sci. 3:23–24.
  • Al-Saghir, M. G. 2010. Perspective on chromosome numbers in the genus Pistacia L. (Anacardiaceae). Int. J. Pl. Breed. Genetics 4:153–157. [this review examined chromosome number reports for species of Pistacia and concluded that the basic number is x=15].
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Arabnezhad, H. et al. 2011. Evaluation of genetic relationships among Iranian pistachios using microsatellite markers developed from Pistacia khinjuk Stocks. Sci. Hort. 128:249–254. [this study examined wild and cultivated samples of Pistacia vera; it supported previous findings that consider that the wild pistachios, as the highly genetically diverse "var. Sarakhs" are the progenitors of Iranian pistachio cultivars].
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  • Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India. 1948–1976. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials. Delhi.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Hackett, C. & J. Carolane. 1982. Edible Horticultural Crops.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6.
  • Hormaza, J. I. & A. Wünsch. 2011. Chapter 6. Pistacia. 119–128 In: Kole, C., ed., Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, temperate fruits. 119–128. [this review commented that Pistacia vera is the only species in the genus commercially cultivated].
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Kafkas, S. & R. Perl-Treves. 2002. Interspecific relationships in Pistacia based on RAPD fingerprinting. HortScience 37:168–171.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  • Parfitt, D. E. & M. L. Badenes. 1997. Phylogeny of the genus Pistacia as determined from analysis of the chloroplast genome. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 94:7987–7992. [this study considered both Pistacia vera and P. khinjuk as "primitive species" in the genus].
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Reichel, S. 1998. pers. comm. [re. German common names].
  • Rosengarten, F. 1984. The book of edible nuts.
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966–. Flora of Iraq.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Yi, T. et al. 2008. Phylogenetics and reticulate evolution in Pistacia (Anacardiaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 95:241–251.
  • Webster's third new international dictionary.
More:

Check other web resources for Pistacia vera L.:


Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?28655 (17 April 2014)

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