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Taxon: Pistacia lentiscus L.

Genus: Pistacia
Family: Anacardiaceae subfamily: Anacardioideae. Also placed in: Pistaciaceae
Nomen number: 28647
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1026. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Name verified on: 14-Nov-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 14-Nov-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV).
Accessions: 7 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

Common names:

  • Chios mastictree   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English
  • lentiscus   (Source: Websters Dict ) – English
  • lentisk   (Source: Websters Dict ) – English
  • mastic   (Source: CRC MedHerbs ed2 ) – English
  • masticshrub   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – English
  • mastictree   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English
  • mustik   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Transliterated Arabic
  • arbre au mastic   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • lentisque   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Mastix-Pistazie   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – German
  • Mastixbaum   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • Mastixstrauch   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – German
  • corno-capra   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Italian
  • dentischio   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Italian
  • lentisco   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Italian
  • alfostigueiro   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Portuguese
  • almecegueira   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • aroeira-da-praia   (Source: Ecocrop []) – Portuguese
  • almácigo   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Spanish
  • lentisco   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • mastixbuske   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

    Macaronesia: Spain - Canary Islands
    Northern Africa: Algeria [n.]; Egypt [n.]; Libya [n.]; Morocco; Tunisia
    Western Asia: Cyprus; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria [w.]; Turkey [w.]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Croatia; Greece [incl. Crete]; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]
    Southwestern Europe: France [s. & Corsica]; Portugal; Spain [incl. Baleares]

  • also cultivated


  • AL-Saghir, M. G. & D. M. Porter. 2012. Taxonomy revision of the genus Pistacia L. (Anacardiaceae). Amer. J. Pl. Sci. 3:24–27.
  • Al-Saghir, M. G. 2010. Perspective on chromosome numbers in the genus Pistacia L. (Anacardiaceae). Int. J. Pl. Breed. Genet. 4:153–157. [this review questioned the report of 2n=24 for Pistacia lentiscus and two other species, and also 2n=28 for P. atlantica, because it will requiere two reductions to happen in the genus].
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India. 1948–1976. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials. Delhi.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Furia, T. E. 1980. Handbook of food additives, 2nd edition. 2:38. [re. flavoring food addative].
  • Golan-Goldhirsch, A. et al. 2004. Genetic relationships among Mediterranean Pistacia species evaluated by RAPD and AFLP markers. Pl. Syst. Evol. 246:9–18.
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984–. Med-Checklist.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6.
  • Hormaza, J. I. & A. Wünsch. 2011. Chapter 6. Pistacia. Pp. 119–128 in: Kole, C., ed., Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, temperate fruits.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres.
  • Jarvis, C. et al. Linnaean plant name typification project (on-line resource).
  • Kafkas, S. & R. Perl-Treves. 2002. Interspecific relationships in Pistacia based on RAPD fingerprinting. HortScience 37:168–171.
  • Kafkas, S. 2006. Phylogenetic analysis of the genus Pistacia by AFLP markers. Pl. Syst. Evol. 262:113–124.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2.
  • Meikle, R. D. 1977–1985. Flora of Cyprus.
  • Mouterde, P. 1966–. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  • Parfitt, D. E. & M. L. Badenes. 1997. Phylogeny of the genus Pistacia as determined from analysis of the chloroplast genome. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 94:7987–7992.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966–. Flora of Iraq.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Yi, T. et al. 2008. Phylogenetics and reticulate evolution in Pistacia (Anacardiaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 95:241–251.
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966–. Flora palaestina.
  • Webster's third new international dictionary.

Check other web resources for Pistacia lentiscus L.:


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (10 October 2015)

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