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Taxon: Pistacia atlantica Desf.

Genus: Pistacia
Family: Anacardiaceae subfamily: Anacardioideae. Also placed in: Pistaciaceae
Nomen number: 28642
Place of publication: Fl. atlant. 2:364. 1799
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Name verified on: 11-Nov-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 11-Nov-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV).
Accessions: 19 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • Mt. Atlas mastictree   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English   [Pistacia atlantica subsp. atlantica]
  • Mt. Atlas pistachio   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – English   [Pistacia atlantica subsp. atlantica]
  • betoum   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Transliterated Arabic   [Pistacia atlantica subsp. atlantica]
  • pistachier d'Atlas   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – French   [Pistacia atlantica subsp. atlantica]
  • pistachier de Kaboul   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – French   [Pistacia atlantica subsp. atlantica]
  • atlantische Pistazie   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – German   [Pistacia atlantica subsp. atlantica]
  • terebinto di Tunisi   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Italian   [Pistacia atlantica subsp. atlantica]
  • almácigo de Canarias   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Spanish   [Pistacia atlantica subsp. atlantica]
  • lengua de oveja   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Spanish   [Pistacia atlantica subsp. atlantica]

Economic importance:

  • Human food: fruit   (fide F Palest)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for pistachio   (mostly in California fide Wild Crop Rel Tem Fr 6:124. 2011)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of pistachio   (based on its affinities to Pistacia vera fide Pl Syst Evol 297. 211. 2011)
  • Materials: tannin/dyestuff   (from galls fide F Palest)

Distributional range:

    Macaronesia: Spain - Canary Islands
    Northern Africa: Algeria [n.]; Libya [n.]; Morocco; Tunisia
    Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia
    Indian Subcontinent: India - Himachal Pradesh; Pakistan
    East Europe: Ukraine - Krym
    Southeastern Europe: Greece


  • AL-Saghir, M. G. & D. M. Porter. 2012. Taxonomy revision of the genus Pistacia L. (Anacardiaceae). Amer. J. Pl. Sci. 3:14–17.
  • Al Yafi, J. 1978. Nouveaux caractères différenciant les sous-espèces de Pistacia atlantica. Candollea 33:201–208.
  • Al-Saghir, M. G. 2010. Perspective on chromosome numbers in the genus Pistacia L. (Anacardiaceae). Int. J. Pl. Breed. Genet. 4:153–157. [this review questioned the report of 2n=28 for Pistacia atlantica, and 2n=24 for three other species, because it will requiere two reductions to happen in the genus].
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984–. Med-Checklist.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6.
  • Hormaza, J. I. & A. Wünsch. 2011. Chapter 6. Pistacia. Pp. 119–128 in: Kole, C., ed., Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, temperate fruits.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres.
  • Kafkas, S. 2006. Phylogenetic analysis of the genus Pistacia by AFLP markers. Pl. Syst. Evol. 262:113–124.
  • Karimi, H. R. & S. Kafkas. 2011. Genetic relationships among Pistacia species studied by SAMPL markers. Pl. Syst. Evol. 297:207–212.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Meikle, R. D. 1977–1985. Flora of Cyprus.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Pourreza, M. et al. 2008. Sustainability of wild pistachio (Pistacia atlantica Desf.) in Zagros forest, Iran. Forest Ecol. Managem. 255:3667–3671.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. 1993–. Flora of India.
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966–. Flora of Iraq.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Yi, T. et al. 2008. Phylogenetics and reticulate evolution in Pistacia (Anacardiaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 95:241–251.
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966–. Flora palaestina.


Check other web resources for Pistacia atlantica Desf.:


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (05 October 2015)

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