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Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area

Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Piper nigrum L.

Genus: Piper
Family: Piperaceae
Nomen number: 28589
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:28. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 26-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 26-May-1995
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA).
Accessions: 2 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

Common names:

  • black pepper   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • pepper   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • white pepper   (Source: HerbSpices ) – English
  • hu jiao   (Source: Y. Zhan, p.c.) – Transcribed Chinese
  • poivre   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • poivre blanc   (Source: HerbSpices ) – French
  • poivre noir   (Source: HerbSpices ) – French
  • Pfeffer   (Source: HerbSpices ) – German
  • pepe   (Source: HerbSpices ) – Italian
  • koshō   (Source: HerbSpices ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • pimenta   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • pimenta-da-Índia   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • pimenta-do-reino   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • pimienta   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • peppar   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

    Indian Subcontinent: India [s.]

  • widely cultivated in tropics



Check other web resources for Piper nigrum L.:

  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (25 November 2015)

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