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  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Pinus thunbergii Parl.

Genus: Pinus subgenus: Pinus section: Pinus subsection: Pinus
Family: Pinaceae
Nomen number: 28563
Place of publication: A. L. P. P. de Candolle, Prodr. 16(2):388. 1868
Name verified on: 07-Dec-1990 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 30-Sep-2008
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA).
Accessions: 5 in National Plant Germplasm System.

Common names:

  • black pine   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – English
  • Japanese black pine   (Source: Pines ) – English
  • hei song   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • japanische Schwarzkiefer   (Source: Zander ed14 [as P. thunbergiana]) – German
  • Thunbergs Kiefer   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – German
  • pino di Thunberg   (Source: Mult Glossary Trees ) – Italian
  • kuro-matsu   (Source: Pines ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • haesong   (Source: F Korea ) – Transcribed Korean

Economic importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental   (for bonsai fide Dict Gard)
  • Environmental: revegetator   (for afforestation fide F ChinaEng)
  • Materials: wood   (fide A. Farjon, pers. comm. 1996)

Distributional range:

    Eastern Asia: Japan - Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku; Korea, South

  • also cultivated


  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. [= P. thunbergiana].
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage.
  • Farjon, A. 1984. Pines, drawings and descriptions of the genus Pinus.
  • Farjon, A. 1996. pers. comm. [re. common names].
  • Forest Experimental Station, Korea. 1966. Illustrated woody plants of Korea.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • International Seed Testing Association. 1971. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 2. Trees.
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. [= P. thunbergiana Franco].
  • Krüssmann, G. 1985. Manual of cultivated conifers (English translation of Die Nadelgeholze, ed. 2. 1983).
  • Lee, Y. N. 1997. Flora of Korea.
  • Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  • Ouden, P. den & B. K. Boom. 1965. Manual of cultivated conifers.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Schroeder, F.-G. & R. Bayer. 1973. Zur Nomenklatur von Picea polita und Pinus thunbergii. Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 66:61–68.
  • Silba, J. 1986. Encyclopaedia Coniferae. Phytologia Mem. 8:166. [= P. thunbergiana Franco].
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).


Check other web resources for Pinus thunbergii Parl.:

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Gymnosperm Database of Christopher J. Earle
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Pinus thunbergii cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Check other web resources for images:

  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (08 October 2015)

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