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  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Pinus sylvestris L.

Genus: Pinus subgenus: Pinus section: Pinus subsection: Pinus
Family: Pinaceae.
Nomen number: 28552
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1000. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 16-May-2008 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 30-Sep-2008
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA).
Accessions: 451 in National Plant Germplasm System.


See also subordinate taxa:


Common names:

  • Scotch pine   (Source: Trees US [but this adjective is best avoided, may cause offence in Scotland]) – English
  • Scots pine   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • ou zhou chi song   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • zhang zi song   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese   [Pinus sylvestris var. mongolica]
  • pin sylvestre   (Source: HerbSpices ) – French
  • Föhre   (Source: Zander ed14 ) – German
  • gemeine Kiefer   (Source: HerbSpices ) – German
  • Waldkiefer   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – German
  • pino silvestre   (Source: HerbSpices ) – Italian
  • gujusonamu   (Source: F Korea ) – Transcribed Korean
  • pino sylvestris   (Source: HerbSpices ) – Spanish
  • tall   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
More:

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Georgia; Russian Federation - Checheno-Ingushetia, Dagestan, Kabardino-Balkaria, North Ossetia
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Altay, Buryatia, Chita, Gorno-Altay, Irkutsk, Kemerovo, Khanty-Mansi, Krasnoyarsk, Kurgan, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Tomsk, Tuva, Tyumen, Yakutia-Sakha, Yamal Nenets
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan
    Mongolia: Mongolia
    Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Amur, Khabarovsk, Magadan, Primorye
    China: China - Heilongjiang, Jilin, Nei Monggol [n.]
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Finland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom - Scotland
    Middle Europe: Austria; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary [w.]; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy [n.]; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France; Spain

      Cultivated:
  • also cultivated

References:

  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource).
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Boutelje, J. B. 1980. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature. [= P. silvestris].
  • Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. 1986–1987. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols.
  • Dirr, M. A. 1998. Manual of woody landscape plants: their identification, ornamental characteristics, culture, propagation and uses, ed. 5. 744. [re. chritsmas tree].
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage.
  • Farjon, A. 1984. Pines, drawings and descriptions of the genus Pinus.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972–. Atlas florae europaeae.
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  • Kitagawa, M. 1979. Neo-lineamenta florae Manshuricae.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR. ["silvestris"].
  • Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. 2000–. Flora of Siberia (English translation).
  • Lee, Y. N. 1997. Flora of Korea.
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 419.
  • Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541.
  • Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Pinus sylvestris L.:

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Gymnosperm Database of Christopher J. Earle
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Pinus sylvestris cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?28552 (29 July 2014)

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