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Taxon: Pinus mugo Turra

Genus: Pinus subgenus: Pinus section: Pinus subsection: Pinus
Family: Pinaceae
Nomen number: 28493
Place of publication: Giorn. Italia Sci. Nat. 1:152. 1764
Comment: review history of nomenclature proposal concerning this name from the Smithsonian Institution's database
Name verified on: 25-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 30-Sep-2008
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA).
Accessions: 4 in National Plant Germplasm System.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • dwarf mountain pine   (Source: BSBI ) – English
  • dwarf mountain pine   (Source: Zander ed17 [as P. mugo subsp. pumilio]) – English   [Pinus mugo var. pumilio]
  • mountain pine   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • mountain pine   (Source: Zander ed17 [as P. mugo subsp. mugo]) – English   [Pinus mugo var. mugo]
  • mugo pine   (Source: Herbs Commerce ed2 ) – English
  • scrub mountain pine   (Source: Man Conif ) – English
  • Swiss mountain pine   (Source: Websters Dict ) – English   [Pinus mugo var. mugo]
  • pin de montagne   (Source: HerbSpices ) – French
  • pin mugho   (Source: Zander ed17 [as P. mugo subsp. mugo]) – French   [Pinus mugo var. mugo]
  • pin mugho nain   (Source: Zander ed17 [as P. mugo subsp. pumilio]) – French   [Pinus mugo var. pumilio]
  • Bergkiefer   (Source: Zander ed17 [as P. mugo subsp. mugo]) – German   [Pinus mugo var. mugo]
  • Krummholzkiefer   (Source: Zander ed14 ) – German
  • Krummholzkiefer   (Source: Zander ed17 [as P. mugo subsp. mugo]) – German   [Pinus mugo var. mugo]
  • Latschenkiefer   (Source: HerbSpices ) – German
  • Legföhre   (Source: Zander ed17 [as P. mugo subsp. pumilio]) – German   [Pinus mugo var. pumilio]
  • Zwergkiefer   (Source: Zander ed17 [as P. mugo subsp. pumilio]) – German   [Pinus mugo var. pumilio]
  • pino montano   (Source: Mult Glossary Trees ) – Italian
  • pino mugo   (Source: HerbSpices ) – Italian
  • balkanbergtall   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish   [Pinus mugo var. pumilio]
  • bergtall   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

    Middle Europe: Austria; Czech Republic; Germany [s.]; Poland [s.]; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Ukraine [w.]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania [n.]; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria [w.]; Croatia; Italy [n. & c.]; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France [s.e.]

  • also cultivated


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  • Brummitt, R. K. 2001. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 51. Taxon 50:560. [conservation proposal not recommended].
  • Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. 1986–1987. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols. [with two varieties].
  • Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • International Seed Testing Association. 1971. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 2. Trees.
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972–. Atlas florae europaeae.
  • Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976).
  • Krüssmann, G. 1985. Manual of cultivated conifers (English translation of Die Nadelgeholze, ed. 2. 1983).
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 419.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Minghetti, P. & E. Nardi. 1999. Lectotypification of Pinus mugo Turra (Pinaceae). Taxon 48:465–469.
  • Nardi, E. & P. Minghetti. 1999. (1416) Proposal to conserve the name Pinus mugo (Pinaceae) with a conserved type. Taxon 48:571–572.
  • Ouden, P. den & B. K. Boom. 1965. Manual of cultivated conifers.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Silba, J. 1986. Encyclopaedia Coniferae. Phytologia Mem. 8:151.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964. Flora europaea. 1:34.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1993. Flora europaea, second edition.


Check other web resources for Pinus mugo Turra:

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Gymnosperm Database of Christopher J. Earle
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Pinus mugo cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (28 November 2015)

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