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Taxon: Picris hieracioides L.

Genus: Picris
Family: Asteraceae (alt. Compositae) subfamily: Cichorioideae tribe: Cichorieae subtribe: Hypochaeridinae.
Nomen number: 28339
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:792. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 12-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7).
Accessions: 2 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


SPECIES RESTRICTED AS A STATE NOXIOUS WEED
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
WA*.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

See also subordinate taxa:


Common names:

  • hawkweed oxtongue   (Source: Glea Cron ) – English
  • mao lian cai   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • picride fausse-épervière   (Source: L Noms French ed7 ) – French
  • chosen-kozorina   (Source: F Korea ) – Japanese Rōmaji   [Picris hieracioides subsp. japonica var. koreana]
  • kozorina   (Source: F Japan ) – Japanese Rōmaji   [Picris hieracioides subsp. japonica]
  • serralha   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • bitterfibbla   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

  • Weed: potential seed contaminant   (fide Atlas WWeed)
More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Syria; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Altay, Buryatia, Chita, Gorno-Altay, Irkutsk, Kemerovo, Krasnoyarsk, Kurgan, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Tomsk, Tuva, Tyumen
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan
    Mongolia: Mongolia
    Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Amur, Khabarovsk, Kurile Islands, Primorye, Sakhalin
    China: China - Anhui, Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Monggol, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Xizang, Yunnan
    Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku; Korea
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India - Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh; Nepal
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Sweden
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy [incl. Sicily]; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    Southern Africa: South Africa - KwaZulu-Natal
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Southwestern Europe: France - Corsica
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Missouri
    Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Washington
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
  • PACIFIC
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii

      Adventive:
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Ireland

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961–. Flora of New Zealand.
  • Chowdhery, H. J. & B. M. Wadhwa. 1984. Flora of Himachal Pradesh.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Demilly, D. et al. 2001. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7.
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2.
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984–. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Grubov, V. I. 2001. Key to the vascular plants of Mongolia.
  • Hara, H. et al. 1978–1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  • Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds.
  • Holzapfel, S. 1994. A revision of the genus Picris (Asteraceae, Lactuceae) s.l. in Australia. Willdenowia 24:187.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993–. Flora of Japan.
  • Kitagawa, M. 1979. Neo-lineamenta florae Manshuricae.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. 2000–. Flora of Siberia (English translation).
  • Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. 1993–. Flora of India.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Wagner, W. L. et al. 1990. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Picris hieracioides L.:


Check other web resources for images:

  • PlantSystematics.org
  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?28339 (22 October 2014)

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