USDA ARS United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area

Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
Jump to common names  Jump to economic impacts  Jump to distribution  Jump to references  Jump to synonyms  Jump to links to other online resources  Jump to images

***Please tell us why you value GRIN Taxonomy***

Taxon: Phoenix reclinata Jacq.

Genus: Phoenix
Family: Arecaceae (alt. Palmae) subfamily: Coryphoideae tribe: Phoeniceae.
Nomen number: 28054
Place of publication: Fragm. bot. 1:27, t. 24. 1800-1809
Name verified on: 14-Oct-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 17-Apr-2008
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA).
Accessions: 7 in National Plant Germplasm System.


Common names:

  • Senegal date palm   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • wild date palm   (Source: Use Pl Ghana ) – English
  • dattier du Ségégal   (Source: F NAmer ) – French
  • Senegal-Dattelpalme   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
More:

Economic importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide Krussmann; Zander ed14)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of date   (based on affinities to the "Phoenix dactylifera clade" fide Acta Hort 994:21, 22, 34. 2013)
More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Gabon; Rwanda; Zaire
    West Tropical Africa: Benin; Cote D'Ivoire; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone
    South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    Southern Africa: Botswana; South Africa - Cape Province, KwaZulu-Natal, Transvaal
    Western Indian Ocean: Comoros; Madagascar [n. & s.w.]
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia [s.]; Yemen

      Naturalized:
  • naturalized elsewhere

      Cultivated:
  • also cultivated

References:

  • Abbiw, D. K. 1990. Useful plants of Ghana.
  • Andrews, F. W. 1950–1956. The flowering plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan.
  • Arnold, T. H. & B. C. De Wet, eds. 1993. Plants of southern Africa: names and distribution. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa no. 62.
  • Ballardini, M. et al. 2013. The chloroplast DNA locus psbZ-trnfM as a potential barcode marker in Phoenix L. (Arecaceae). ZooKeys 365:71–82.
  • Barrow, S. C. 1998. A monograph of Phoenix L. (Palmae: Coryphoideae). Kew Bull. 53:533.
  • Cufodontis, G. 1953–1972. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta.
  • Dransfield, J. & H. Beentje. 1995. The palms of Madagascar.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Howard, R. 1974–1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953–1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  • Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976).
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Moore, H. E., Jr. 1963. An annotated checklist of cultivated palms. Principes 7:157.
  • Pintaud, J.-C. et al. 2013. Biogeography of the Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L., Arecaceae): Insights on the origin and on the structure of modern diversity. Acta Hort. 994:19–38.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Reitz, R., ed. 1965–. Flora ilustrada catarinense.
  • St. John, H. 1973. List and summary of the flowering plants in the Hawaiian islands.
  • Thulin, M., ed. 1993–. Flora of Somalia.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986–. European garden flora.
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Phoenix reclinata Jacq.:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?28054 (24 April 2014)

Please send us your comments

Close Window

Ctrl P to print