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  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Phoenix dactylifera L.

Genus: Phoenix
Family: Arecaceae (alt. Palmae) subfamily: Coryphoideae tribe: Phoeniceae.
Nomen number: 28046
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1188. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 14-Oct-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 14-Oct-1999
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Riverside (RIV).
Accessions: 118 in National Plant Germplasm System.


Common names:

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Economic importance:

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Distributional range:


      Uncertain:
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Arabian Peninsula: Oman [wild populations]
      Cultivated:
  • only cultivated

References:

  • Al-Khalifah, N. S. & E. Askari. 2003. Molecular phylogeny of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) cultivars from Saudi Arabia by DNA fingerprinting. Theor. Appl. Genet. 107:1266–1270.
  • Al-Mahmoud, M. E. et al. 2012. DNA-based assays to distinguish date palm (Arecaceae) gender. Amer. J. Bot. 99:e7–e10.
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Barrow, S. C. 1998. A monograph of Phoenix L. (Palmae: Coryphoideae). Kew Bull. 53:544.
  • Cufodontis, G. 1953–1972. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta.
  • Doyle, M. F. & D. Fuller. 1998. Palms of Fiji-I. Endemic, indigenous, and naturalized species:changes in nomenclature. Harvard Pap. Bot. 3:95–100.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Hackett, C. & J. Carolane. 1982. Edible Horticultural Crops.
  • Howard, R. 1974–1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976).
  • Kunkel, G. 1984. Plants for human consumption.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Moore, H. E., Jr. 1963. An annotated checklist of cultivated palms. Principes 7:157.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  • Norton, J. et al. 2009. Illustrated checklist of the flora of Qatar.
  • Pintaud, J.-C. et al. 2013. Biogeography of the Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L., Arecaceae): Insights on the origin and on the structure of modern diversity. Acta Hort. 994:19–38.
  • Pintaud, J.-C. 2010. Modèle de domestication et structure de l'agrobiodiversité du palmier dattier (Phoenix dactylifera L.). 107–111 In: Aberlenc-Bertossi, F., Biotechnologies du palmier dattier. 2010. IRD Éditions. Paris. 107–111. [it proposed a domestication model from wild populations of Phoenix dactylifera itself].
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Reitz, R., ed. 1965–. Flora ilustrada catarinense.
  • Rivera, D. et al. 2008. Morphological systematics of date-palm diversity (Phoenix, Arecaceae) in western Europe and some preliminary molecular results. Acta Hort. 799:97–104.
  • St. John, H. 1973. List and summary of the flowering plants in the Hawaiian islands.
  • Terral, J.-F. et al. 2012. Insights into the historical biogeography of the date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) using geometric morphometry of modern and ancient seeds. J. Biogeogr. 39:929–941.
  • Uphof, J. C. T. 1968. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2.
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986–. European garden flora.
  • Yang, M. et al. 2010. The complete chloroplast genome sequence of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.). PLoS One 5:e12672.
More:

Check other web resources for Phoenix dactylifera L.:

  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?28046 (21 October 2014)

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