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Taxon: Phoenix canariensis H. Wildpret

Genus: Phoenix
Family: Arecaceae (alt. Palmae) subfamily: Coryphoideae tribe: Phoeniceae
Nomen number: 28045
Place of publication: Prov. Agric. Hort. Ill. 19:293-295, figs. 67-68. 1882, nom. cons. prop.
  • proposed for conservation (nom. cons. prop.) against the heterotypic synonym (Melbourne ICN Art. 14.4) P. cycadifolia Regel, nom. rej. prop.
  • species authorship is changed from "hort. ex Chabaud" to Hermann Wildpret based on Chabaud's comment on the inclusion of Wildpret's note- see Taxon 62:1276. 2013\;
  • review history of nomenclature proposal concerning this name from the Smithsonian Institution's database
Name verified on: 03-Jan-2014 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 22-Jan-2015
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA).
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System.

Common names:

  • Canary date palm   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • Canary Island date palm   (Source: Websters Dict ) – English
  • Canary Island palm   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • dattier des Canaries   (Source: F NAmer ) – French
  • kanarische Dattelpalme   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • tamareira-das-Canárias   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • palmera Canaria   (Source: Kew Bull 53:540.) – Spanish

Economic importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide Dict Gard; Hortus 3)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of date   (based on evidence of hybridization with Phoenix dactylifera fide Pl Syst Evol 247:169, 170, 172. 2004)

Distributional range:

    Macaronesia: Spain - Canary Islands

  • widely cultivated in subtropics


  • Applequist, W. L. 2014. Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Vascular Plants: 66. Taxon 63:1367. [proposal recommended].
  • Barrow, S. C. 1998. A monograph of Phoenix L. (Palmae: Coryphoideae). Kew Bull. 53:539.
  • Cufodontis, G. 1953–1972. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • González-Pérez, M. A. & P. A. Sosa. 2009. Hybridization and introgression between the endemic Phoenix canariensis and the introduced P. dactylifera in the Canary Islands. Open Forest Sci. J. 2:78–85.
  • González-Pérez, M. A. et al. 2004. Allozyme variation and structure of the Canarian endemic palm tree Phoenix canariensis (Arecaceae): implications for conservation. Heredity 93:307–315.
  • González-Pérez, M. A. et al. 2004. Molecular evidence of hybridisation between the endemic Phoenix canariensis and the widespread P. dactylifera with Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers. Pl. Syst. Evol. 247:165–175.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  • Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Moore, H. E., Jr. 1963. An annotated checklist of cultivated palms. Principes 7:156.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Reitz, R., ed. 1965–. Flora ilustrada catarinense.
  • Rivera, D. et al. 2013. (2238) Proposal to conserve Phoenix canariensis against P. cycadifolia (Arecaceae). Taxon 62:1337–1338.
  • Rivera, D. et al. 2013. A review of the nomenclature and typification of the Canary Islands endemic palm, Phoenix canariensis (Arecaceae). Taxon 62:1275–1282.
  • Rivera, D. et al. 2014. The date palm with blue dates Phoenix senegalensis Andre (Arecaceae): A horticultural enigma is solved. Sci. Hort. 180:236–242.
  • St. John, H. 1973. List and summary of the flowering plants in the Hawaiian islands.
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986–. European garden flora.
  • Webster's third new international dictionary.


Check other web resources for Phoenix canariensis H. Wildpret:


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (07 October 2015)

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