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Taxon: Helianthus tuberosus L.

Genus: Helianthus
Family: Asteraceae (alt. Compositae) subfamily: Asteroideae tribe: Heliantheae.
Nomen number: 27946
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:905. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 08-Mar-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 08-Mar-2010
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7).
Accessions: 92 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


Common names:

  • earth-apple   (Source: Ecocrop ) – English
  • Jerusalem-artichoke   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • sunchoke   (Source: Food Feed Crops US ) – English
  • topinambur   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • artichaut de Jérusalem   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • topinambour   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Erdbirne   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • Indianerknolle   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • Topinambur   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • kiku-imo   (Source: F Japan ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • batata-tupinambá   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • girassol-de-batata   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • tupinambá   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • tupinambor   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • podsolnečnik klubenosnij   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Transliterated Russian
  • topinambur   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Transliterated Russian
  • zemljanaja gruša   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Transliterated Russian
  • aguaturma   (Source: Agricultura 1993) – Spanish
  • castaña de tierra   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • námara   (Source: Agricultura 1993) – Spanish
  • pataca   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • patata de caña   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • jordärtskocka   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
More:

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario [s.], Prince Edward Island, Quebec [s.]
    Western Canada: Canada - Manitoba [s.], Saskatchewan [s.]
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine [s.], Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Idaho, Washington, Wyoming
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama [n.], Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida [n.], Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana [n.], Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas

      Naturalized:
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Cyprus
    Caucasus: Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
    China: China
    Eastern Asia: Japan
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Macedonia; Romania; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Spain [incl. Baleares]
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Southern South America: Argentina; Uruguay

      Cultivated:
  • widely cultivated in temperate regions

      Other:
  • exact native range obscure

References:

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong. 2012. Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98.
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961–. Flora of New Zealand.
  • Brown, R. G. & M. L. Brown. 1984. Herbaceous plants of Maryland.
  • Burkart, A. E., ed. 1969–. Flora ilustrada de Entre Rios.
  • Chester, E. W. et al. 1993–1997. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants.
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning.
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas.
  • Cronquist, A. et al. 1972–. Intermountain flora.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Eilers, L. J. & D. M. Roosa. 1994. The vascular plants of Iowa.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Flach, M. & F. Rumawas, eds. 1996. Plants yielding non-seed carbohydrates. 9:100–102 In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 9:100–102.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Gandhi, K. N. & R. D. Thomas. 1989. Asteraceae of Louisiana.
  • Georgieva-Todorova, J. 1984. Interspecific hybridization in the genus Helianthus L. Z. Pflanzenzücht. 93:265–279.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6.
  • Heiser, C. B., Jr. et al. 1969. The North American sunflowers (Helianthus). Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 22(3):126–131.
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  • Ivanov, P. et al. 2002. Application of some biotechnological achievements in sunflower breeding. Helia 25:9–18.
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993–. Flora of Japan.
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  • Kays, S. J. & S. F. Nottingham. 2008. Biology and chemistry of Jerusalem artichoke Helianthus tuberosus. 1–478.
  • Kays, S. J. & S. Nottingham. 2007. Biology and chemistry of Jeruslaem artichoke: Helianthus tuberosus L.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. 2000–. Flora of Siberia (English translation).
  • Lee, Y. N. 1997. Flora of Korea.
  • Margaritis, A. & P. Bajpai. 1982. Ethanol production from Jerusalem artichoke tubers (Helianthus tuberosus) using Kluvyeromyces marxianus and Saccharomyces rosei. Biotechnol. Bioengin. 24:941–953.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • Mateo-Segasta, L. A. & J. R. Conde-García. 1993. El cultivo de la pataca y utilidad de sus tubérculos. Agricultura 140–149.
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:102.
  • Ohio Flora Committee (E. L. Braun, T. S. Cooperrider, T. R. Fisher, J. J. Furlow). 1967–. The vascular flora of Ohio.
  • Ownbey, G. B. & T. Morley. 1991. Vascular plants of Minnesota: a checklist and atlas.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Radford, A. E. et al., eds. 1980–. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States.
  • Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Rehorek, V. 1997. Cultivated and escaped perennial Helianthus species in Europe. Preslia 69:59–70.
  • Rogers, C. E. et al. 1982. Sunflower species of the United States. 41–42.
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1978–1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  • Seiler, G. J. 2007. The potential of wild sunflower species for industrial uses. Helia 30:175–198.
  • Smith, E. B. 1994. Keys to the flora of Arkansas.
  • Strausbaugh, T. D. & E. L. Core. 1978. Flora of West Virginia, ed. 2.
  • Timme, R. E. et al. 2007. High-resolution phylogeny for Helianthus (Asteraceae) using the 18S-26S ribosomal DNA external transcribed spacer. Amer. J. Bot. 94:1837–1852.
  • Uphof, J. C. T. 1968. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2.
  • Voss, E. 1972–. Michigan flora.
  • Walker, E. 1976. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands.
  • Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Helianthus tuberosus L.:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?27946 (02 September 2014)

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