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Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area

Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Helianthus annuus L.

Genus: Helianthus
Family: Asteraceae (alt. Compositae) subfamily: Asteroideae tribe: Heliantheae.
Nomen number: 27923
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:904. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 08-Mar-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7).
Accessions: 3756 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • only available ) NPGS core subset accessions for the crop ‘SUNFLOWER’ ) or .
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


SPECIES RESTRICTED AS A STATE NOXIOUS WEED
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
IA(wild strains)*°.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

Common names:

More:

Economic importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production   (fide F Int Apico)
  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide Zander ed14)
  • Human food: oil/fat   (fide PROTA4U)
  • Human food: pseudocereal   (fide PROTA4U)
  • Human food: seeds   (fide PROTA4U)
  • Human food: starch   (fide PROTA4U)
  • Animal food: fodder   (fide CultTropS)
  • Fuels: potential as petroleum substitute/alcohol   (fide web document)
  • Gene sources: potential for cytoplasmic male sterility in sunflower   (fide Theor Appl Genet 104:563. 2002)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of sunflower   (based on hybrids with high seed germination, but " lower fitness than wild plants" fide Amer J Bot 85:794. 1998)
  • Materials: fiber   (fide PROTA4U)
  • Materials: lipids   (fide PROTA4U)
  • Medicines: folklore   (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals   (fide Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant   (fide State Noxweed Seed)
More:

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Western Canada: Canada - Alberta [s.], British Columbia [s.], Manitoba [s.], Saskatchewan [s.]
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, Texas
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah
    Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Norte, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, Sonora, Tamaulipas

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
      Cultivated:
  • widely cultivated

      Other:
  • probably not native in e. United States

References:

  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Burkart, A. E., ed. 1969–. Flora ilustrada de Entre Rios.
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning.
  • Cronquist, A. et al. 1972–. Intermountain flora.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2.
  • Heiser, C. B., Jr. et al. 1969. The North American sunflowers (Helianthus). Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 22(3):61–68.
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California.
  • Horn, R. 2002. Molecular diversity of male sterility inducing and male-fertile cytoplasms in the genus Helianthus. Theor. Appl. Genet. 104:562–570.
  • International Energy Agency. 2004. Biofuels for transport: an international perspective. (on-line resource). 1–216.
  • International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  • Kane, N. C. et al. 2009. Comparative genomic and population genetic analyses indicate highly porous genomes and high levels of gene flow between divergent Helianthus species. Evolution 63:2061–2075.
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  • Lee, Y. N. 1997. Flora of Korea.
  • Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles. 1999. Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:102.
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  • Ohio Flora Committee (E. L. Braun, T. S. Cooperrider, T. R. Fisher, J. J. Furlow). 1967–. The vascular flora of Ohio.
  • Ortega-Sada, J. L. 1987. Flora de interes apicola y polinizacion de cultivos.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Radford, A. E. et al., eds. 1980–. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States.
  • Rehm, S. & G. Espig. 1991. The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Rogers, C. E. et al. 1982. Sunflower species of the United States. 4–5.
  • Rosengarten, F. 1984. The book of edible nuts.
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1978–1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Branch, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. 1999. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act.
  • Snow, A. A. et al. 1998. Fecundity, phenology, and seed dormancy of F1 wild-crop hybrids in sunflower (Helianthus annuus, Asteraceae). Amer. J. Bot. 85:794–801.
  • Ureta, M. S. et al. 2008. Natural hybrids between cultivated and wild sunflowers (Helianthus spp.) in Argentina. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 55:1267–1277.
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource).
  • Voss, E. 1972–. Michigan flora.
  • Walker, E. 1976. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands.
  • Welsh, S. L. et al. 1993. A Utah flora.
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Helianthus annuus L.:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?27923 (26 July 2014)

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