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Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area

Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Helianthus annuus L.

Genus: Helianthus
Family: Asteraceae (alt. Compositae) subfamily: Asteroideae tribe: Heliantheae.
Nomen number: 27923
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:904. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 08-Mar-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7).
Accessions: 3760 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • only available ) NPGS core subset accessions for the crop ‘SUNFLOWER’ ) or .
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


SPECIES RESTRICTED AS A STATE NOXIOUS WEED
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
IA(wild strains)*°.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

Common names:

More:

Economic importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production   (fide F Int Apico)
  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide Zander ed14)
  • Human food: oil/fat   (fide PROTA4U)
  • Human food: pseudocereal   (fide PROTA4U)
  • Human food: seeds   (fide PROTA4U)
  • Human food: starch   (fide PROTA4U)
  • Animal food: fodder   (fide CultTropS)
  • Fuels: potential as petroleum substitute/alcohol   (fide web document)
  • Gene sources: potential for cytoplasmic male sterility in sunflower   (fide Theor Appl Genet 104:563. 2002)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of sunflower   (based on hybrids with high seed germination, but " lower fitness than wild plants" fide Amer J Bot 85:794. 1998)
  • Materials: fiber   (fide PROTA4U)
  • Materials: lipids   (fide PROTA4U)
  • Medicines: folklore   (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals   (fide Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant   (fide State Noxweed Seed)
More:

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Western Canada: Canada - Alberta [s.], British Columbia [s.], Manitoba [s.], Saskatchewan [s.]
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, Texas
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah
    Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Norte, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, Sonora, Tamaulipas

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
      Cultivated:
  • widely cultivated

      Other:
  • probably not native in e. United States

References:

More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Helianthus annuus L.:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?27923 (27 November 2014)

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