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Taxon: Amaranthus caudatus L.

Genus: Amaranthus subgenus: Amaranthus
Family: Amaranthaceae
Nomen number: 2789
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:990. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 04-Feb-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 04-Feb-2003
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7).
Accessions: 557 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

Common names:

  • foxtail   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 10:75.) – English
  • foxtail amaranth   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • Inca-wheat   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • love-lies-bleeding   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • purple amaranth   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • red-hot-cattail   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 10:75.) – English
  • tassel-flower   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English
  • velvet-flower   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English
  • kef alemhena   (Source: F Saudi ed3 ) – Arabic
  • lao qiang gu   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • amarante caudée   (Source: C. Feuillet, p.c.) – French
  • amarante queue-de-renard   (Source: L Noms French ed6 ) – French
  • discipline des religieux   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • queue de renard   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 10:75.) – French
  • Gartenfuchsschwanz   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • Inkaweizen   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • jataco   (Source: Websters Dict ) – India (Sanskrit)
  • himo-geitō   (Source: F Japan ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • sennin-koku   (Source: F JapanOhwi ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • julmaendeurami   (Source: F Korea ) – Transcribed Korean
  • moncos-de-Peru   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • coimi   (Source: Names Soukup ) – Quichua (Peru)
  • cuipa   (Source: Names Soukup ) – Quichua (Peru)
  • achita   (Source: Food Feed Crops US ) – Spanish
  • bledo francés   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • kiwicha   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • quilete   (Source: F NAmer ) – Spanish
  • trigo del Inca   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • rävsvans   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

Distributional range:

    Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia
    China: China [w.]
    Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal
    Western South America: Bolivia; Ecuador; Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina [n.w.]


  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45.
  • Coons, M. P. 1982. Relationships of Amaranthus caudatus. Econ. Bot. 36:129–146.
  • Costea, M. et al. 2001. Preliminary results toward a revision of the Amaranthus hybridus species complex (Amaranthaceae). Sida 19:943–945.
  • Costea, M. et al. 2006. Delimitation of Amaranthus cruentus L. and Amaranthus caudatus L. using micromorphology and AFLP analysis: an application in germplasm identification. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 53:1625–1633.
  • Demilly, D. et al. 1996. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 6.
  • El-Hadidi, M. N. & M. S. Abdallah. 1980–. Flora of Egypt.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Feuillet, C. 1998. pers. comm. [re. French common names].
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Görts-van Rijn, A. R. A., ed. 1986–. Flora of the Guianas.
  • Grubben, G. J. H. & Soetjipto Partohardjono, eds. 1996. Cereals. In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 10:75.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6.
  • Hoang, H.-D. et al. 1997. Additional notes to the checklist of Korean cultivated plants (5). Consolidated summary and indexes. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 44:354.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993–. Flora of Japan.
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia.
  • Lee, Y. N. 1997. Flora of Korea.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Macbride, J. F. et al., eds. 1936–1971. Flora of Peru.; new ser. 1980-
  • Mansfeld, R. 1959. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Migahid, A. M. 1988–1990. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3.
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:77.
  • Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Rehm, S. & G. Espig. 1991. The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Reitz, R., ed. 1965–. Flora ilustrada catarinense.
  • Soukup, J. 1970. Vocabulario de los nombres vulgares de la flora peruana.
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. 1948–. Flora malesiana.
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986–. European garden flora.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Webster's third new international dictionary.


Check other web resources for Amaranthus caudatus L.:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (05 October 2015)

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