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Taxon: Phaseolus vulgaris L.

Genus: Phaseolus section: Phaseolus
Family: Fabaceae (alt. Leguminosae) subfamily: Faboideae tribe: Phaseoleae subtribe: Phaseolinae. Also placed in: Papilionaceae
Nomen number: 27632
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:723. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 19-Aug-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 19-Aug-2010
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6).
Accessions: 13452 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • only available ) NPGS core subset accessions for the crop ‘PHASEOLUS’ ) or .
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • bean   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • dwarf bean   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English   [Phaseolus vulgaris var. vulgaris]
  • field bean   (Source: Federal Seed Act ) – English   [Phaseolus vulgaris var. vulgaris]
  • flageolet bean   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English   [Phaseolus vulgaris var. vulgaris]
  • French bean   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English   [Phaseolus vulgaris var. vulgaris]
  • garden bean   (Source: AH 505 ) – English   [Phaseolus vulgaris var. vulgaris]
  • green bean   (Source: AH 505 ) – English   [Phaseolus vulgaris var. vulgaris]
  • haricot bean   (Source: AH 505 ) – English   [Phaseolus vulgaris var. vulgaris]
  • kidney bean   (Source: AH 505 ) – English   [Phaseolus vulgaris var. vulgaris]
  • navy bean   (Source: AH 505 ) – English   [Phaseolus vulgaris var. vulgaris]
  • pop bean   (Source: Gen Res Phaseolus ) – English   [Phaseolus vulgaris var. vulgaris]
  • snap bean   (Source: Leg WorldEc ) – English   [Phaseolus vulgaris var. vulgaris]
  • string bean   (Source: Leg WorldEc ) – English   [Phaseolus vulgaris var. vulgaris]
  • wax bean   (Source: Leg WorldEc ) – English   [Phaseolus vulgaris var. vulgaris]
  • cai dou   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • haricot commun   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Phaseolus vulgaris var. vulgaris]
  • haricot vert   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Phaseolus vulgaris var. vulgaris]
  • Gartenbohne   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Phaseolus vulgaris var. vulgaris]
  • fagiolo nano   (Source: Mult Glossary Crops ) – Italian   [Phaseolus vulgaris var. vulgaris]
  • fagiolo rampicante   (Source: Mult Glossary Crops ) – Italian   [Phaseolus vulgaris var. vulgaris]
  • fragiolo   (Source: Mult Glossary Crops ) – Italian
  • ingen-mame   (Source: F Okin ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • deonggulgangnamkong   (Source: F Korea ) – Transcribed Korean
  • gangnamkong   (Source: F Korea ) – Transcribed Korean
  • juldangkong   (Source: Kulturpflanze 34:117) – Transcribed Korean
  • feijão   (Source: Portuguese Dict ) – Portuguese   [Phaseolus vulgaris var. vulgaris]
  • feijoeiro   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese   [Phaseolus vulgaris var. vulgaris]
  • ñuñas   (Source: Lost Crops Incas ) – Spanish   [Phaseolus vulgaris var. vulgaris]
  • chícharo   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Phaseolus vulgaris var. vulgaris]
  • frijol   (Source: Leg WorldEc ) – Spanish   [Phaseolus vulgaris var. vulgaris]
  • habichuela   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Phaseolus vulgaris var. vulgaris]
  • judía común   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Phaseolus vulgaris var. vulgaris]
  • nuña   (Source: van Beem et al.1992) – Spanish   [Phaseolus vulgaris var. vulgaris]
  • poroto   (Source: B. León, p.c.) – Spanish   [Phaseolus vulgaris var. vulgaris]
  • vainita   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Phaseolus vulgaris var. vulgaris]
  • böna   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
  • buskböna   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish   [Phaseolus vulgaris var. vulgaris]

Economic importance:

  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of scarlet runner bean   (fide Euphytica 130:305. 2003)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of year bean   (fide Pl Syst Evol 266:175, 182, 186. 2007, based on affinities to P. dumosus)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of tepary bean   (fide Euphytica 34:329. 1985, based on crosses with P. acutifolius and the use of embryo rescue)

Distributional range:

    Northern Mexico: Mexico - Durango, Sinaloa, Tamaulipas
    Southern Mexico: Mexico - Chiapas, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Veracruz
    Mesoamerica: Costa Rica - Alajuela, San Jose; El Salvador - Ahuachapan; Guatemala - Chimaltenango, Chiquimula, Guatemala, Jalapa, Sacatepequez, Santa Rosa, Solola; Honduras - Francisco Morazan; Nicaragua - Esteli, Jinotega
    Northern South America: Venezuela - Merida [w.], Portuguesa, Tachira, Trujillo
    Western South America: Bolivia - Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, Tarija; Colombia - Boyaca, Cundinamarca, Norte de Santander; Ecuador - Azuay, Chimborazo, Loja; Peru - Apurimac, Cajamarca, Cuzco, Piura
    Southern South America: Argentina - Catamarca, Jujuy, Salta, Santiago del Estero, Tucuman

  • naturalized worldwide

    Northern South America: Venezuela - Lara

  • cultivated worldwide


  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource).
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. 1960–. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam.
  • Beebe, S. et al. 1997. Wild-weed-crop complexes of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L., Fabaceae) in the Andes of Peru and Colombia, and their implications for conservation and breeding. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 44:73–91.
  • Beyra, A. & G. Reyes Artiles. 2004. Revisión taxonómica de los géneros Phaseolus y Vigna (Leguminosae-Papilionoideae) en Cuba. Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 61:139–141.
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  • Budanova, V. I. & N. R. Ivanov. 1973. K sistematike roda Phaseolus L. (To the sistematics of the genus Phaseolus L.). Trudy Prikl. Bot. 51(1):27.
  • Chacón, M. I. et al. 2007. Phylogeographic analysis of the chloroplast DNA variation in wild common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in the Americas. Pl. Syst. Evol. 266:175–195. [two bidirectional dispersal/expansion events between Mesoamerica & South America].
  • Debouck, D. G. et al. 1989. Observations on little-known Phaseolus germplasm of Ecuador. Pl. Genet. Resources Newslett. 80:15–21.
  • Debouck, D. G. et al. 1993. Genetic diversity and ecological distribution of Phaseolus vulgaris (Fabaceae) in northwestern South America. Econ. Bot. 47:408–423.
  • Delgado-Salinas, A. et al. 2006. Phylogeny of the genus Phaseolus (Leguminosae): a recent diversification in an ancient landscape. Syst. Bot. 31:779–791.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Freyre, R. et al. 1996. Ecogeographic distribution of Phaseolus spp. (Fabaceae) in Bolivia. Econ. Bot. 50:195–215.
  • Freytag, G. F. & D. G. Debouck. 2002. Taxonomy, distribution, and ecology of the genus Phaseolus (Leguminosae-Papilionoideae) in North America, Mexico and Central America. Sida, Bot. Misc. 23:36–42.
  • International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  • Kwak, M. & P. Gepts. 2009. Structure of genetic diversity in the two najor gene pools of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L., Fabaceae). Theor. Appl. Genet. 118:979–992.
  • Lee, Y. N. 1997. Flora of Korea.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Mahuku, G. S. et al. 2003. Sources of resistance to angular leaf spot (Phaeoisariopsis griseola) in common bean core collection, wild Phaseolus vulgaris and secondary gene pool. Euphytica 130:303–313.
  • Maréchal, R. et al. 1978. Étude taxonomique d'un groupe complexe d'espèces des genres Phaseolus et Vigna (Papilionaceae) sur la base données morphologiques et polliniques, traitées par l'analyse informatique. Boissiera 28:136.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Mejía-Jiménez, A. et al. 1994. Interspecific hybridization between common and tepary beans: increased hybrid embryo growth, fertility, and efficiency of hybridization through recurrent and congruity backcrossing. Theor. Appl. Genet. 88:324–331.
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:117.
  • Santalla, M. et al. 2004. Genetic diversity of Argentinian common bean and its evolution during domestication. Euphytica 135:75–87.
  • Schmit, V. et al. 1993. Use of chloroplast DNA polymorphisms for the phylogenetic study of seven Phaseolus taxa including P. vulgaris and P. coccineus. Theor. Appl. Genet. 87:506–515.
  • Singh, S. P. 1999. Production and utilization. In: Singh, S. P., ed., Common bean improvement in the Twenty-first Century 1:1–21.
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946–1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea. [cultivated].
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource).
  • Walker, E. 1976. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands.
  • Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. 1943–1980. Flora of Panama.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).


Check other web resources for Phaseolus vulgaris L.:

Images or nodulation data:

  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.
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Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (25 November 2015)

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