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Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

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Taxon: Persea americana Mill.

Genus: Persea subgenus: Persea
Family: Lauraceae
Nomen number: 27393
Place of publication: Gard. dict. ed. 8: Persea no. 1. 1768
Name verified on: 23-Jan-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 19-Dec-2007
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA).
Accessions: 289 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • alligator-pear   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English   [Persea americana West Indian race]
  • avocado   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • avocado-pear   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English   [Persea americana West Indian race]
  • Guatemalan avocado   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Persea americana Guatemalan race]
  • lowland avocado   (Source: Avocado 15. 2002) – English   [Persea americana West Indian race]
  • Mexican avocado   (Source: Econ Bot 31:317.1977) – English   [Persea americana Mexican race]
  • Trapp avocado   (Source: Mem NYBG 14:18. 1966) – English   [Persea americana West Indian race]
  • West Indian avocado   (Source: Econ Bot 31:317.1977) – English   [Persea americana West Indian race]
  • e li   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • avocatier   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • avocatier du Guatemala   (Source: Dict Rehm [as P. schiedeana]) – French   [Persea americana Guatemalan race]
  • Avocado   (Source: S. Reichel, p.c.) – German
  • Avocadobaum   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • Avocadopalme   (Source: S. Reichel, p.c.) – German
  • abokado   (Source: F Japan ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • wani-nashi   (Source: F Japan ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • abacate   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • aguacate   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • palto   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • avokado   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

    Northern Mexico: Mexico - San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas
    Southern Mexico: Mexico - Chiapas, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Quintana Roo, Tabasco
    Mesoamerica: Belize - Corozal; Costa Rica - Alajuela, Puntarenas; El Salvador - Chalatenango, Santa Ana; Guatemala - Baja Verapaz, Chimaltenango, Huehuetenango, Jalapa, Quiche, Solola, Zacapa; Honduras - Atlantida, Copan, El Paraiso, Francisco Morazan, Intibuca; Nicaragua - Granada, Madriz, Matagalpa
    Northern South America: Venezuela - Amazonas [requires confirmation]

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia; Pitcairn

    Northern Mexico: Mexico - Nuevo Leon
    Southern Mexico: Mexico - Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Veracruz
    Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica - Cartago, San Jose; El Salvador - San Salvador; Honduras - Olancho; Nicaragua - Chontales, Jinotega; Panama - Chiriqui, Panama
    Northern South America: Venezuela
  • widely cultivated in tropics & subtropics

  • origin Mesoamerica




Check other web resources for Persea americana Mill.:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (05 October 2015)

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