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Taxon: Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.

Genus: Pennisetum
Family: Poaceae (alt. Gramineae) subfamily: Panicoideae tribe: Paniceae.
Nomen number: 27187
Place of publication: Prodr. 195. 1810
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Name verified on: 09-Nov-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-Nov-2009
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9).
Accessions: 1350 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


Common names:

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Economic importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control   (fide Cover Crop Database)
  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide Hort Rev 39:134. 2012)
  • Environmental: soil improver   (fide Cover Crop Database)
  • Human food: cereal   (fide Grass Camer)
  • Animal food: fodder   (for birdseed fide CultTropS)
  • Animal food: forage   (fide Food Feed Crops US)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of sugarcane   (using protoplast fusion fide Proc Natl Acad Sci 83:5616)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant   (fide Geigy Weed Tables. 1968)
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Distributional range:

      Cultivated:
  • AFRICA
    Africa
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    China: China
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    United States

References:

  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Burkill, H. M. 1994. The useful plants of west tropical Africa. 2:313–317.
  • Busso, C. S. et al. 2000. Genetic diversity within and among landraces of pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) under farm management in West Africa. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 47:561–568.
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. 1974. The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables.
  • Catasús Guerra, L. J. 2002. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) de Cuba, II. Cavanillesia Altera 3:1–163.
  • Chemisquy, M. A. et al. 2010. Phylogenetic studies favour the unification of Pennisetum, Cenchrus and Odontelytrum (Poaceae): a combined nuclear, plastid and morphological analysis, and nomenclatural combinations in Cenchrus. Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 106:127. [= Cenchrus americanus (L.) Morrone].
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980–. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  • Demilly, D. et al. 2001. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Gibbs-Russell, G. E. et al. 1990. Grasses of southern Africa. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa vol. 58.
  • Grubben, G. J. H. & Soetjipto Partohardjono, eds. 1996. Cereals. 10:119–123 In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 10:119–123.
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  • International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  • Mariac, C. et al. 2006. Diversity of wild and cultivated pearl millet accessions (Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.) in Niger assessed by microsatellite markers. Theor. Appl. Genet. 114:49–58.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • Meyer, M. H. 2012. Chapter 3. Ornamental grasses in the United States. Hort. Rev. 39:121–152.
  • Oumar, I. et al. 2008. Phylogeny and origin of pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.) as revealed by microsatellite loci. Theor. Appl. Genet. 117:489–497.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rehm, S. & G. Espig. 1991. The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics. [= P. americanum].
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Tabaeizadeh, Z. et al. 1986. Somatic hybridization in the Gramineae: Saccharum officinarum L. (sugarcane) and Pennisetum americanum (L.) K. Schum. (pearl millet). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 83:5616–5619.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  • University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program. UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource).
  • Vasil, V. & I. K. Vasil. 1981. Somatic embryogenesis and plant regeneration from suspension cultures of pearl millet (Pennisetum americanum). Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 47:669–678. [this study obtained cells from embryos of plants identified as P. americanum (citing as a synonym P. typhoides) and treated in suspension cultures to later develop embryoids].
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Zon, A. P. M. van der. 1992. Graminées du Cameroun.
  • Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): III. Subfamilies Panicoideae, Aristidoideae, Arundinoideae, and Danthonioideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 46:530.
  • Webster's third new international dictionary.
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Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.:


Images:

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  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?27187 (19 April 2014)

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