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Taxon: Pennisetum clandestinum Hochst. ex Chiov.

Genus: Pennisetum
Family: Poaceae (alt. Gramineae) subfamily: Panicoideae tribe: Paniceae.
Nomen number: 27178
Place of publication: Annuario Reale Ist. Bot. Roma 8:41. 1903
Name verified on: 17-Jan-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 17-Jan-2012
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9).
Accessions: 26 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


SPECIES RESTRICTED AS A FEDERAL AND STATE NOXIOUS WEED
A declared noxious weed by USDA-APHIS.
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
AL*, CA*, FL*, MA*, NC*.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

Common names:

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Economic importance:

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Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Rwanda; Zaire
    South Tropical Africa: Malawi; Zimbabwe

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    Northern Africa: Algeria
    Southern Africa: Namibia; South Africa; Swaziland
    Western Indian Ocean: Mauritius; Reunion
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Cyprus; Israel; Jordan
    China: China - Yunnan
    Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Southeastern Europe: Greece - Crete
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California
    Northern Mexico: Mexico - Chihuahua, Durango, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi
    Southern Mexico: Mexico - Chiapas, Colima, Federal District, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Puebla, Queretaro, Tlaxcala, Veracruz
  • PACIFIC
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: Puerto Rico; Virgin Islands (U.S.) - St. John
    Mesoamerica: Costa Rica; Guatemala; Nicaragua; Panama
    Northern South America: Venezuela
    Brazil: Brazil
    Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador - Galapagos Islands; Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina; Chile - Easter Island; Paraguay; Uruguay

      Cultivated:
  • AFRICA
    Southern Africa: South Africa
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Mesoamerica: Costa Rica
    Northern South America: Venezuela

References:

  • 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages. 4:187 In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 4:187.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al. 1996. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 78:1-581.
  • Alderson, J. & W. C. Sharp. 1995. Grass varieties in the United States, U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 170, rev. ed.
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961–. Flora of New Zealand.
  • Ataroff, M. & M. E. Naranjo. 2009. Interception of water by pastures of Pennisetum clandestinum Hochst. ex Chiov. and Melinis minutiflora Beauv. Agric. Forest Meteorol. 149:1616–1620.
  • Bor, N. L. 1960. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan.
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988)
  • Catasús Guerra, L. J. 2002. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) de Cuba, II. Cavanillesia Altera 3:1–163.
  • Chemisquy, M. A. et al. 2010. Phylogenetic studies favour the unification of Pennisetum, Cenchrus and Odontelytrum (Poaceae): a combined nuclear, plastid and morphological analysis, and nomenclatural combinations in Cenchrus. Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 106:127. [= Cenchrus clandestinus (Hochst. ex Chiov.) Morrone].
  • Conant, P. et al. 1997. Appendix. Selected plant species interfering with resource management goals in North American natural areas. 255–267 In: Luken, J. O. & J. W. Thieret, eds., Assessment and management of plant invasions. 255–267.
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980–. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  • Davidse, G. et al., eds. 1994. Flora mesoamericana.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). [= Kikuyuochloa clandestina (Chiov.) H. Scholz].
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960–. Flora zambesiaca.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource).
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984–. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989–. Flora of Ethiopia. (and Eritrea. 2000)
  • Henderson, L. 2001. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12.
  • Herrera-Arrieta, Y. 2001. Las Gramíneus de Durango.
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  • Hokche, O. et al. 2008. Nuevo catálogo de la flora vascular de Venezola.
  • Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds.
  • Holttum, R. E. et al. 1953–1971. A revised flora of Malaya.
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. [= Cenchrus clandestinus (Hochst. ex Chiov.) Morrone].
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953–1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  • Kellerman, T. S. et al. 1988. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa.
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia.
  • Lazarides, M. 1980. The tropical grasses of Southeast Asia.
  • Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell. 2000. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis, ed. 2.
  • Marais, J. P. 2001. Factors affecting the nutritive value of kikuyu grass (Pennisetum clandestinum) - A review. Trop. Grasslands 35:65–84.
  • Mejía-Saulés, M. T. & P. Dávila A. 1992. Gramíneas Útiles de México. Cuad. Inst. Biol. 16.
  • Meyer, J. Y. 2004. Threat of invasive alien plants to native flora and forest vegetation of eastern Polynesia. Pacific Sci. 58:357–375.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Tovar, Ó. 1993. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) del Perú. Ruizia 13:406–407.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource).
  • Villaseñor, J. L. & F. J. Espinoza-Garcia. 2004. The alien flowering plants of Mexico. Diversity & Distrib. 10:113–123.
  • Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 1994. Catalogo de la familia Poaceae en la Republica Argentina. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 47.
  • Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): III. Subfamilies Panicoideae, Aristidoideae, Arundinoideae, and Danthonioideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 46:528.
  • van der Gritten, P. et al. 1992. Utilisation of kikuyu grass (Pennisetum clandestinum) pastures and dairy production in a high altitude region of Costa Rica. Trop. Grasslands 26:255–262.
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Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Pennisetum clandestinum Hochst. ex Chiov.:


Images:

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  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?27178 (23 September 2014)

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