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Taxon: Pennisetum ciliare (L.) Link

Genus: Pennisetum
Family: Poaceae (alt. Gramineae) subfamily: Panicoideae tribe: Paniceae.
Nomen number: 27177
Place of publication: Hort. berol. 1:213. 1827
Name verified on: 17-Jan-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 17-Jan-2012
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9).
Accessions: 872 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


SPECIES RESTRICTED AS A STATE NOXIOUS WEED
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
AZ*.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

Common names:

  • African foxtail grass   (Source: Weed CIBA [as Cenchrus ciliaris]) – English
  • buffel grass   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • sabat   (Source: Ill L Qatar [as Cenchrus ciliaris]) – Arabic
  • cenchrus cilié   (Source: Dict Rehm [as Cenchrus ciliaris]) – French
  • Büffelgras   (Source: Dict Rehm [as Cenchrus ciliaris]) – German
  • Klebgras   (Source: Zander Ency [as Cenchrus ciliaris]) – German
  • dhaman   (Source: Dict Rehm [as Cenchrus ciliaris]) – India
  • cencro ciliare   (Source: Mult Glossary Crops ) – Italian
  • pasto buffel   (Source: Dict Rehm [as Cenchrus ciliaris]) – Spanish
  • zacate buffel   (Source: Grass Util Mex [as Cenchrus ciliaris]) – Spanish (Mexico)

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia; Sudan
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    West Tropical Africa: Ghana; Mali; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
    South Tropical Africa: Angola; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia; South Africa - Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West, Northern Cape, Western Cape; Swaziland
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia; Yemen
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Egypt - Sinai; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Syria
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India; Pakistan
  • EUROPE
    Southeastern Europe: Italy - Sicily

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Malesia: Papua New Guinea
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
  • EUROPE
    Southeastern Europe: Greece
    Southwestern Europe: Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, Texas
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California
    Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja California, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas
    Southern Mexico: Mexico - Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Federal District, Guanajuato, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo, Veracruz, Yucatan
  • PACIFIC
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia
    Southwestern Pacific: Fiji; New Caledonia; Niue; Tonga
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: Puerto Rico
    Mesoamerica: Costa Rica; El Salvador; Nicaragua; Panama
    Northern South America: Venezuela
    Brazil: Brazil
    Western South America: Bolivia; Ecuador; Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina - Formosa, Jujuy, Tucuman; Paraguay

      Cultivated:
  • also cultivated

References:

  • Alderson, J. & W. C. Sharp. 1995. Grass varieties in the United States, U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 170, rev. ed.
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. [= Cenchrus ciliaris L.].
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) [= Cenchrus ciliaris].
  • Davidse, G. et al., eds. 1994. Flora mesoamericana. [= Cenchrus ciliaris L.].
  • Englert, J. M. et al. 1999–. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators.
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). [= Cenchrus ciliaris].
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960–. Flora zambesiaca. [= Cenchrus ciliaris L.].
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989–. Flora of Ethiopia. (and Eritrea. 2000) [= Cenchrus ciliaris].
  • Hitchcock, A. S. 1950. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2.
  • International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953–1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. [= Cenchrus ciliaris L.].
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. [= Cenchrus ciliaris L.].
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. [= Cenchrus ciliaris].
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa. [= Cenchrus ciliaris].
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea. [= Cenchrus ciliaris L.].
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource).
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966–. Flora palaestina. [= Cenchrus ciliaris L.].
  • Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 1994. Catalogo de la familia Poaceae en la Republica Argentina. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 47. [= Cenchrus ciliaris L.].
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Pennisetum ciliare (L.) Link:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?27177 (24 November 2014)

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