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Taxon: Pastinaca sativa L.

Genus: Pastinaca
Family: Apiaceae (alt. Umbelliferae) subfamily: Apioideae tribe: Tordylieae subtribe: Tordyliinae
Nomen number: 27018
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:262. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 20-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7).
Accessions: 73 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
MN*, OH*.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • parsnip   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Pastinaca sativa subsp. sativa]
  • wild parsnip   (Source: BSBI ) – English
  • wild parsnip   (Source: M. F. Watson, p.c.) – English   [Pastinaca sativa subsp. sylvestris]
  • ou fang feng   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • panais   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Pastinaca sativa subsp. sativa]
  • pastenaque   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Pastinaca sativa subsp. sativa]
  • Pastinak   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Pastinaca sativa subsp. sativa]
  • pastinaca   (Source: Mult Glossary Crops ) – Italian
  • pastinaga   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese   [Pastinaca sativa subsp. sativa]
  • chirivía   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Pastinaca sativa subsp. sativa]
  • pastinaca   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Pastinaca sativa subsp. sativa]
  • palsternacka   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

    Western Asia: Turkey
    Caucasus: Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Western Siberia
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Sweden; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine - Krym
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Spain

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
    Southern Africa: South Africa
    Western Asia: Lebanon
    China: China
    Eastern Asia: Japan
    Australia: Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand
    Subarctic America: Canada - Yukon Territory; United States - Alaska
    Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Arkansas, Delaware, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, Texas
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah
    Western South America: Ecuador; Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Uruguay




Check other web resources for Pastinaca sativa L.:


  • GRIN Images of germplasm accessions.
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds or fruits: Seed ID Workshop image, from Department of Horticulture and Crop Science, Ohio State University
  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (13 October 2015)

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