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Taxon: Paspalum vaginatum Sw.

Genus: Paspalum
Family: Poaceae (alt. Gramineae) subfamily: Panicoideae tribe: Paniceae.
Nomen number: 26933
Place of publication: Prodr. 21. 1788
Name verified on: 30-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 30-May-1995
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9).
Accessions: 59 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


Common names:

  • biscuit grass   (Source: J. Veldkamp, p.c.) – English
  • saltwater couch   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • seashore paspalum   (Source: Grass VarUSA ) – English
  • silt grass   (Source: J. Veldkamp, p.c.) – English
  • capim-paturá   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • grama-rasteira   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • grama de costa   (Source: Grass Cuba II) – Spanish
More:

Economic importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control   (fide Grass VarUSA)
  • Environmental: potential as lawn/turf   (fide Diversity 16:11-14. 2000)
  • Environmental: revegetator   (fide Grass VarUSA)
More:

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Cape Verde
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Somalia
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania
    West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Equatorial Guinea - Bioko; Zaire [w.]
    West Tropical Africa: Benin; Cote D'Ivoire; Gambia; Ghana; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone
    South Tropical Africa: Angola [w.]; Mozambique
    Southern Africa: Namibia; South Africa - Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Western Cape
    Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar; Mauritius; Reunion
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Arabian Peninsula: Oman; Yemen
    China: China - Hainan, Yunnan
    Eastern Asia: Japan - Ryukyu Islands; Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: Sri Lanka
    Indo-China: Cambodia; Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam [s.]
    Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia - New South Wales [e.], Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia [s.], Victoria [e.], Western Australia
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Florida, Georgia [s.], Louisiana [s.], Mississippi [s.], North Carolina, South Carolina [s.e.]
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico [s.], Texas [s.e.]
    Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Sur, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas
    Southern Mexico: Mexico - Campeche, Colima, Jalisco, Puebla, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: Antigua and Barbuda - Antigua; Bahamas; Barbados; Cayman Islands; Cuba; Guadeloupe; Hispaniola; Martinique; Puerto Rico; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines - St. Vincent; Trinidad and Tobago; Virgin Islands (British); Virgin Islands (U.S.) - St. John
    Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Venezuela
    Brazil: Brazil - Alagoas, Bahia, Ceara, Espirito Santo, Mato Grosso do Sul, Para, Paraiba, Parana, Pernambuco, Rio Grande do Norte, Rio Grande do Sul, Rio de Janeiro, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo, Sergipe
    Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Paraguay; Uruguay

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores
    Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia
  • AUSTRALASIA
    New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Southeastern Europe: Italy - Sardinia, Sicily
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain [incl. Baleares]
  • PACIFIC
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    Southwestern Pacific: Fiji

References:

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al. 1996. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 78:1-581.
  • Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica. [= P. distichum L.].
  • Alderson, J. & W. C. Sharp. 1995. Grass varieties in the United States, U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 170, rev. ed.
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961–. Flora of New Zealand.
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45.
  • Catasús Guerra, L. J. 2002. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) de Cuba, II. Cavanillesia Altera 3:1–163.
  • Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll. 1982. Flora of the Bahama archipelago. [= P. distichum L.].
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980–. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  • Davidse, G. et al., eds. 1994. Flora mesoamericana.
  • Englert, J. M. et al. 1999. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators.
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960–. Flora zambesiaca.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Figueiredo, E. & G. F. Smith. 2008. Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279.
  • Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource).
  • George, A. S., ed. 1980–. Flora of Australia.
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Ghazanfar, S. A. 1992. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2.
  • Gould, F. W. & R. Moran. 1981. The grasses of Baja California, Mexico.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Hansen, A. & P. Sunding. 1993. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17.
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989–. Flora of Ethiopia. (and Eritrea. 2000)
  • Howard, R. 1974–1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  • Hubbard, C. E. & R. E. Vaughan. 1940. The grasses of Mauritius and Rodriguez.
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  • Kahn, F. et al. 1993. Las plantas vasculares en las aguas continentales del Peru. IFEA, Lima, Peru.
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953–1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  • Kenna, M. P. 2000. The United States Golf Association: a leader in the science of turf for 80 years. Diversity 16:11–14.
  • Koning, R. de & M. S. M. Sosef. 1985. The Malesian species of Paspalum L. (Gramineae). Blumea 30:309–311.
  • Koyama, T. 1987. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions.
  • Lazarides, M. 1980. The tropical grasses of Southeast Asia.
  • León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier). 1946–1962. Flora de Cuba.; suppl. 1969
  • Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell. 2000. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis, ed. 2.
  • McVaugh, R. 1983–. Flora Novo-Galiciana.
  • Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-mer. 1969. Graminees des paturages et des cultures a Madagascar.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Proctor, G. R. 1984. Flora of the Cayman Islands. Kew Bulletin Additional Series XI.
  • Robyns, W. et al., eds. 1948–63. Flore du Congo belge et du Ruanda-Urundi.
  • Smith, A. C. 1979–1991. Flora vitiensis nova.
  • Thulin, M., ed. 1993–. Flora of Somalia.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Veldkamp, J. F. 1997. pers. comm. [re. common names].
  • Wagner, W. L. et al. 1990. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i.
  • Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the flora of Yemen.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 1994. Catalogo de la familia Poaceae en la Republica Argentina. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 47.
  • Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): III. Subfamilies Panicoideae, Aristidoideae, Arundinoideae, and Danthonioideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 46:520–521.
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Paspalum vaginatum Sw.:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?26933 (31 October 2014)

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