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Taxon: Paspalum distichum L.

Genus: Paspalum
Family: Poaceae (alt. Gramineae) subfamily: Panicoideae tribe: Paniceae.
Nomen number: 26845
Place of publication: Syst. nat. ed. 10, 2:855. 1759
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Comments:Name verified on: 11-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 06-Dec-2007
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9).
Accessions: 14 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


Common names:

  • couch paspalum   (Source: Weed CIBA ) – English
  • eternity grass   (Source: Food Feed Crops US ) – English
  • ginger grass   (Source: Pl Res SEAs ) – English
  • joint grass   (Source: Websters Dict ) – English
  • knotgrass   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • Mercer grass   (Source: F NZeal ) – English
  • seaside millet   (Source: Websters Dict ) – English
  • Thompson grass   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • water couch   (Source: Weed CIBA ) – English
  • water-finger grass   (Source: BSBI ) – English
  • moddeid   (Source: F Egypt ) – Arabic
  • shuang sui que bai   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • kishū-suzume-no-hie   (Source: Grass Japan ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • grama-de-Joanópolis   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • capim-arame   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • grama-braba   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • grama-da-praia   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • grama-doce   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • grama-rasteira-da-praia   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • grama colorada   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • gramilla blanca   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
More:

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - New Jersey
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Kansas [s.], Missouri, Oklahoma
    Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Idaho [w.], Oregon, Washington
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky [w.], Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, Texas
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah
    Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Norte, Baja Sur, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Zacatecas
    Southern Mexico: Mexico - Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Federal District, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Tabasco, Veracruz
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: Cuba; Dominica; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Hispaniola; Jamaica; Martinique; Puerto Rico; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines - St. Vincent
    Mesoamerica: Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua
    Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    Brazil: Brazil - Bahia, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Para, Parana, Pernambuco, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo, Sergipe
    Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Paraguay; Uruguay

      Naturalized:
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores, Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
    South Tropical Africa: Zimbabwe
    Southern Africa: Lesotho; Namibia; South Africa - Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West, Northern Cape, Western Cape; Swaziland
    Western Indian Ocean: Mauritius
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia
    Western Asia: Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    Caucasus: Azerbaijan
    China: China - Anhui, Fujian, Guangxi, Hainan, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Shandong, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang
    Eastern Asia: Japan - Kyushu, Ryukyu Islands, Shikoku; Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh; India - Assam, Bihar, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    North Indian Ocean: India - Andaman and Nicobar
    Indo-China: Laos; Thailand; Vietnam
    Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Philippines
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: United Kingdom
    East Europe: Ukraine - Krym
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece [incl. Crete]; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain [incl. Baleares]
  • PACIFIC
    Northwestern Pacific: Micronesia

      Other:
  • exact native range obscure, probable origin neotropics

References:

  • 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages. 4:180 In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 4:180.
  • Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica.
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961–. Flora of New Zealand.
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  • Boulos, L. 1999–. Flora of Egypt.
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45.
  • Brummitt, R. K. 1983. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 25. Taxon 32:281. [proposal to reject P. distichum L. not recommended, lectotypification also fixed].
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988)
  • Catasús Guerra, L. J. 2002. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) de Cuba, II. Cavanillesia Altera 3:1–163.
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980–. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  • Davidse, G. et al., eds. 1994. Flora mesoamericana.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. [rejects as nom. confus., accepting P. paspalodes (Michx.) Scribn.].
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960–. Flora zambesiaca.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource).
  • George, A. S., ed. 1980–. Flora of Australia.
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Gibbs-Russell, G. E. et al. 1990. Grasses of southern Africa. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa vol. 58.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Herrera-Arrieta, Y. 2001. Las Gramíneus de Durango.
  • Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds.
  • Holm, L. et al. 1997. World weeds: natural histories and distribution. 568.
  • Howard, R. 1974–1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  • Hubbard, C. E. & R. E. Vaughan. 1940. The grasses of Mauritius and Rodriguez.
  • Koning, R. de & M. S. M. Sosef. 1985. The Malesian species of Paspalum L. (Gramineae). Blumea 30:295–297.
  • Koyama, T. 1987. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions.
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia.
  • León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier). 1946–1962. Flora de Cuba.; suppl. 1969
  • Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell. 2000. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis, ed. 2.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McVaugh, R. 1983–. Flora Novo-Galiciana.
  • Migahid, A. M. 1988–1990. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan. [rejects as nom. confus., accepting P. paspalodes (Michx.) Scribn.].
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Renvoize, S. A. & W. D. Clayton. 1980. (528) Proposal to reject the name Paspalum distichum L. Syst. Nat. ed. 10,2:855 (1759). Taxon 29:339–340.
  • Sell, P. & G. Murrell. 1996–. Flora of Great Britain and Ireland.
  • Sreekumar, P. V. & V. J. Nair. 1991. Flora of Kerala - grasses.
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946–1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  • Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. 2001. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3).
  • Tovar, Ó. 1993. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) del Perú. Ruizia 13:360–361.
  • Virginia Botanical Associates. Digital atlas of the Virginia flora (on-line resource).
  • Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 1994. Catalogo de la familia Poaceae en la Republica Argentina. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 47.
  • Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): III. Subfamilies Panicoideae, Aristidoideae, Arundinoideae, and Danthonioideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 46:463.
  • Webster's third new international dictionary.
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Paspalum distichum L.:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?26845 (25 October 2014)

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