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Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area

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Taxon: Fragaria virginiana Mill.

Genus: Fragaria
Family: Rosaceae subfamily: Rosoideae tribe: Potentilleae subtribe: Fragariinae.
Nomen number: 267
Place of publication: Gard. dict. ed. 8: Fragaria no. 2. 1768 (A. N. Duchesne, Hist. nat. frais. 204. 1766, as "races principales")
Comment: Duchesne's (1766) usage of binary names for "races principales" do not qualify as species names
Name verified on: 24-Mar-2006 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 24-Mar-2006
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR).
Accessions: 247 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • only available ) NPGS core subset accessions for the crop ‘STRAWBERRY’ ) or .
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


See also subordinate taxa:


Common names:

  • scarlet strawberry   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • Virginia strawberry   (Source: Cornucopia ) – English
  • wild strawberry   (Source: CRC MedHerbs ed2 ) – English
  • fraisier écarlate   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • fraisier de Virginie   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Scharlacherdbeere   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • Virginiaerdbeere   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • fresón   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • scharlakanssmultron   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
More:

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Subarctic America: Canada - Northwest Territory, Yukon Territory; United States - Alaska
    Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont, West Virginia
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, Texas
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California, Nevada [w.], Utah

      Naturalized:
  • naturalized elsewhere

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. [lists as F. virginiana Duchesne].
  • Cronquist, A. et al. 1972–. Intermountain flora.
  • Darrow, G. M. 1966. The strawberry: history, breeding and physiology. 117–119.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage.
  • Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. [lists as F. virginiana Duchesne].
  • Hancock, J. F. et al. 2004. Taxonomic variation among North and South American subspecies of Fragaria virginiana Miller and Fragaria chiloensis (L.) Miller. Canad. J. Bot. 82:1632–1644. [this study using statistical analysis of morphological features of the wild octoploid species finds support for the recognition of F. chiloensis & F. virginiana at the species level, but not for any of their infraspecific taxa].
  • Harrison, R. E. et al. 1997. Morphological and molecular variation among populations of octoploid Fragaria virginiana and F. chiloensis (Rosaceae) from North America. Amer. J. Bot. 84:612–620. [this study using both morphological & molecular traits found dissimilar results for supporting taxonomical relationships among subspecies & F. chiloensis].
  • Hitchcock, C. L. et al. 1955–1969. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. [lists as F. virginiana Duchesne].
  • Hokanson, K. E. et al. 2006. Relationships among subspecies of New World octoploid strawberry species, Fragaria virginiana and Fragaria chiloensis, based on simple sequence repeat marker analysis. Canad. J. Bot. 84:1829–1841.
  • IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. [lists as F. virginiana Duchesne].
  • Kunkel, G. 1984. Plants for human consumption. [lists as F. virginiana Duchesne].
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. [lists as F. virginiana Duchesne].
  • Mabberley, D. J. 2002. Potentilla and Fragaria (Rosaceae) reunited. Telopea 9:800. [= Potentilla vesca (Mill.) E. H. L. Krause].
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. [lists as F. virginiana Duchesne].
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1978–1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. [lists as F. virginiana Duchesne].
  • Staudt, G. 1962. Taxonomic studies in the genus Fragaria. Typification of Fragaria species known at the time of Linnaeus. Canad. J. Bot. 40:880. [lists as F. virginiana Duchesne].
  • Staudt, G. 1999. Systematics and geographical distribution of the American strawberry species. Taxonomic studies in the genus Fragaria (Rosaceae: Potentilleae). Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 81:68.
  • Staudt, G. 2009. Strawberry biogeography, genetics and systematics. Acta Hort. 842:71–83.
  • Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri. [lists as F. virginiana Duchesne].
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea. [lists as F. virginiana Duchesne].
  • Ulrich, D. et al. 2007. Diversity of aroma patterns in wild and cultivated Fragaria accessions. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 54:1185–1196.
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Fragaria virginiana Mill.:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?267 (26 October 2014)

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