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Taxon: Pandanus tectorius Parkinson

Genus: Pandanus
Family: Pandanaceae
Nomen number: 26419
Place of publication: J. voy. South Seas 46. 1773 (ex Z.[J.P. Duroi], Naturforscher (Berlin) 4:250. 1774)
Comment: some do not consider Parkinson's name to have been validly published in 1773
Name verified on: 19-Jan-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 20-Aug-2003
No species priority site assigned.
Accessions: 2 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

Common names:

  • pandan   (Source: Websters Dict ) – English
  • textile screw-pine   (Source: Websters Dict ) – English
  • thatch screw-pine   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • Veitch screw-pine   (Source: Hortus 3 [as P. veitchii]) – English
  • kadi   (Source: F Saudi ed3 ) – Arabic
  • baquois   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • vacouet   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • vacquois   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Pandanuspalme   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • hala   (Source: F Hawaii ) – Hawaiian
  • pandan pudak   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 17:198.) – Indonesian
  • pandano   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • bacua   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

    Malesia: Indonesia - Irian Jaya, Java, Moluccas; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
    Australia: Australia - Queensland [e.]
    Northwestern Pacific: Micronesia
    South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia
    Southwestern Pacific: New Caledonia; Solomon Islands; Vanuatu

      Uncertain: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii

  • also cultivated


  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. 1960–. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam. [mentions].
  • Brink, M. & R. P. Escobin, eds. 2003. Fibre plants. In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 17:197–205.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. [lists as P. tectorius Sol.].
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1981. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 3:320. [lists as P. tectorius Parkinson ex Z.].
  • George, A. S., ed. 1993. Flora of Australia. 50:436. [lists as P. tectorius Parkinson ex Du Roi as Z.].
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. [= P. veitchii].
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Merrill, E. D. 1922–1926. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants.
  • Migahid, A. M. 1988–1990. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Smith, A. C. 1979–1991. Flora vitiensis nova. [mentions].
  • Stone, B. C. 1982. Pandanus tectorius Parkins. in Australia: a conservative view. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 85:133–146.
  • Stone, B. C. 1982. New Guinea Pandanaceae: first approach to ecology and biogeography. Monogr. Biol. 42:405.
  • Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts. In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 2:240. [mentions].
  • Wagner, W. L. et al. 1990. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i. [lists as P. tectorius Parkinson ex Z.].
  • Webster's third new international dictionary.


Check other web resources for Pandanus tectorius Parkinson:

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP: North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • GRIN Images of germplasm accessions.
  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (27 November 2015)

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