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Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Fragaria vesca L.

Genus: Fragaria
Family: Rosaceae subfamily: Rosoideae tribe: Potentilleae subtribe: Fragariinae.
Nomen number: 264
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:494. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 03-Sep-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 14-Jan-2006
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR).
Accessions: 19 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • only available ) NPGS core subset accessions for the crop ‘STRAWBERRY’ ) or .
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


See also subordinate taxa:


Common names:

  • alpine strawberry   (Source: Scient Hort 129:479.) – English
  • European strawberry   (Source: Food Feed Crops US ) – English
  • European strawberry   (Source: Food Feed Crops US ) – English   [Fragaria vesca subsp. vesca]
  • white-fruit strawberry   (Source: Can J Bot 40:873.) – English   [Fragaria vesca subsp. vesca forma alba]
  • wild strawberry   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • woodland strawberry   (Source: Glea Cron ed2 ) – English   [Fragaria vesca subsp. americana]
  • woodland strawberry   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • woodland strawberry   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English   [Fragaria vesca subsp. vesca]
  • ye cao mei   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • fraisier commun   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • fraisier commun   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Fragaria vesca subsp. vesca]
  • fraisier des bois   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • fraisier des bois   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Fragaria vesca subsp. vesca]
  • Walderbeere   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Fragaria vesca subsp. vesca]
  • Walderdbeere   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • besuka-ichigo   (Source: F Japan ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • ezo-hebi-ichigo   (Source: F JapanOhwi ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • ezo-no-hebi-ichigo   (Source: F Japan ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • morangueiro-bravo   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • morangueiro-bravo   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese   [Fragaria vesca subsp. vesca]
  • fresa silvestre   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • fresa silvestre   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Fragaria vesca subsp. vesca]
  • fresal común   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • fresal común   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Fragaria vesca subsp. vesca]
  • smultron   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
More:

Economic importance:

  • Human food: fruit   (fide Dict Gard; Cornucopia)
  • Gene sources: research in plant biology   (based on the genetic knowledge of Fragaria fide Genetics 36:312. 1951)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of strawberry   (fide Acta Hort 265:32. 1989, as diploid, self compatible)
  • Medicines: folklore   (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
More:

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    Northern Africa: Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Iran; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Altay, Buryatia, Gorno-Altay, Irkutsk, Kemerovo, Krasnoyarsk, Kurgan, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Tomsk, Tuva, Tyumen
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan [e.]; Kyrgyzstan
    Mongolia: Mongolia
    China: China - Gansu, Guizhou, Jilin, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Iceland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec
    Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont, West Virginia
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, Virginia
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, Texas
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores; Spain - Canary Islands
    Southern Africa: South Africa - Eastern Cape, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Western Cape
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido
  • AUSTRALASIA
    New Zealand: New Zealand
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Eastern Canada: Canada - Prince Edward Island
    Mexico
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: Cuba; Dominican Republic; Haiti; Jamaica
    Mesoamerica: Guatemala
    Northern South America: Venezuela
    Brazil: Brazil
    Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina

References:

  • Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica.
  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource).
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961–. Flora of New Zealand.
  • Allred, Kelly W. 2008. Flora Neomexicana I: The vascular plants of New Mexico, an annotated checklist to the names of vascular plants with synonymy and bibliography.
  • Arias, M. et al. 2004. Breeding barriers between the cultivated strawberry Fragaria × ananassa, and related wild germplasm. Euphytica 136:139–150.
  • Caruso, G. et al. 2011. Effects of cultural cycles and nutrient solutions on plant growth, yield and fruit quality of alpine strawberry (Fragaria vesca L.) grown in hydroponics. Sci. Hort. 129:479–485.
  • Clapham, A. R. et al. 1962. Flora of the British Isles ed. 2.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Davis, T. M. et al. 2006. Assessment of SSR marker transfer from the cultivated strawberry to diploid strawberry species: functionality, linkage group assignment, and use in diversity analysis. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 131:506–512.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage.
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  • Evans, W. D. 1982. The production of multispecific octoploids from Fragaria species and the cultivated strawberry. Euphytica
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  • Hitchcock, C. L. et al. 1955–1969. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993–. Flora of Japan.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. 2000–. Flora of Siberia (English translation).
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Mabberley, D. J. 2002. Potentilla and Fragaria (Rosaceae) reunited. Telopea 9:800. [= Potentilla vesca (L.) Scop.].
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1978–1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  • Scott, D. H. 1950. Cytological studies on polyploids derived from tetraploid Fragaria vesca and cultivated strrawberris. Genetics 36:312.
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946–1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  • Staudt, G. 1999. Systematics and geographical distribution of the American strawberry species. Taxonomic studies in the genus Fragaria (Rosaceae: Potentilleae). Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 81:38.
  • Staudt, G. 2009. Strawberry biogeography, genetics and systematics. Acta Hort. 482:71–83.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Fragaria vesca L.:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?264 (28 August 2014)

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