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Taxon: Panax quinquefolius L.

Genus: Panax subgenus: Panax section: Panax series: Panax
Family: Araliaceae subfamily: Aralioideae.
Nomen number: 26381
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1058. 1753 "quinquefolium"
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 27-Jul-2005 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 27-Jul-2005
No species priority site assigned.

NO ACCESSIONS IN NPGS UNDER THIS NAME.

SPECIES OF CONSERVATION CONCERN BECAUSE RARE OR ENDANGERED

Species on the following lists:


Common names:

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Economic importance:

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Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario, Quebec [s.w.]
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont, West Virginia
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota [s.], Missouri, Nebraska [e.], Oklahoma [e.], South Dakota [e.], Wisconsin
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia

      Cultivated:
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    China: China

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Brown, R. G. & M. L. Brown. 1984. Herbaceous plants of Maryland.
  • Browne, E. T. & R. Athey. 1992. Vascular plants of Kentucky: an annotated checklist.
  • CITES. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Appendices I, II and III (on-line resource).
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  • Deam, C. C. 1940. Flora of Indiana.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Duke, J. A. 1985. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2.
  • Govaerts, R. & D. G. Frodin. 2004. World checklist and bibliography of Araliaceae.
  • Hu, S. Y. 1976. The genus Panax (ginseng) in Chinese medicine. Econ. Bot. 30:14.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Mitchell, R. S., ed. 1986. A checklist of New York state plants. New York State Mus. Bull. 458.
  • Mohlenbrock, R. H. & D. M. Ladd. 1978. Distribution of Illinois vascular plants.
  • Ohio Flora Committee (E. L. Braun, T. S. Cooperrider, T. R. Fisher, J. J. Furlow). 1967–. The vascular flora of Ohio.
  • Ownbey, G. B. & T. Morley. 1991. Vascular plants of Minnesota: a checklist and atlas.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1978–1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  • Seymour, F. 1969. The flora of New England.
  • Small, E. 1997. Culinary herbs.
  • Smith, A. C. 1944. Araliaceae. 28B:9 In: Britton, N. L. et al., eds. ser. 1; C. T. Rogerson, ed. ser. 2, North American flora ser. 1, 1905-1957; ser. 2, 1954-1972 28B:9.
  • Smith, E. B. 1978. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas.
  • Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri.
  • Voss, E. 1972–. Michigan flora.
  • Wen, J. 2001. Species diversity, nomenclature, phylogeny, biogeography, and classification of the ginseng genus (Panax L., Araliaceae). 69 In: Punja, Z. K., ed., Utilization of biotechnological, genetic and cultural approaches for North American and Asian ginseng improvement. Proceedings of the International Ginseng Workshop. 69.
  • Wherry, E. T. et al. 1979. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Webster's third new international dictionary.
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Panax quinquefolius L.:


Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?26381 (31 July 2014)

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