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  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Paeonia officinalis L.

Genus: Paeonia section: Paeonia subsection: Paeonia
Family: Paeoniaceae
Nomen number: 26329
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:530. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 05-Oct-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 07-Mar-2012
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR).


See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • common peony   (Source: Zander Ency ) – English   [Paeonia officinalis subsp. officinalis]
  • common peony   (Source: Zander ed16 ) – English
  • cottage peony   (Source: Zander Ency ) – English   [Paeonia officinalis subsp. officinalis]
  • cottage peony   (Source: Zander ed16 ) – English
  • European peony   (Source: Herbs Commerce ed2 ) – English
  • garden peony   (Source: BSBI ) – English
  • piney   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • pivoine officinale   (Source: Zander Ency ) – French   [Paeonia officinalis subsp. officinalis]
  • pivoine officinale   (Source: Zander ed16 ) – French
  • Bauern-Pfingstrose   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • Bauern-Pfingstrose   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German   [Paeonia officinalis subsp. officinalis]
  • echte Pfingstrose   (Source: Zander ed16 ) – German
  • filzige Bauern-Pfingstrose   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German   [Paeonia officinalis subsp. huthii]
  • gewöhnliche Pfingstrose   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • gewöhnliche Pfingstrose   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German   [Paeonia officinalis subsp. officinalis]
  • kleine Bauern-Pfingstrose   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German   [Paeonia officinalis subsp. microcarpa]
  • paeônia   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • banatpion   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish   [Paeonia officinalis subsp. banatica]
  • bergpion   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
  • småfruktig bergpion   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish   [Paeonia officinalis subsp. microcarpa]

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

    Middle Europe: Hungary [s.]; Switzerland [s.]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Italy; Montenegro; Romania [w.]; Serbia
    Southwestern Europe: France [s.]; Portugal [n.]; Spain

  • also cultivated


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2000. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984–. Med-Checklist. [with four sspp.].
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Hong, D.-Y. et al. 2008. Relationships and taxonomy of Paeonia arietina G. Anderson complex (Paeoniaceae) and its allies. Taxon 57:929.
  • Hong, D.-Y. 2010. Peonies of the world: taxonomy and phytogeography. 228–241.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.


Check other web resources for Paeonia officinalis L.:

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Paeonia officinalis cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Check other web resources for images:

  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (10 October 2015)

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