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Taxon: Oryza rufipogon Griff.

Genus: Oryza section: Oryza series: Oryza
Family: Poaceae (alt. Gramineae) subfamily: Ehrhartoideae tribe: Oryzeae
Nomen number: 26076
Place of publication: Not. pl. asiat. 3:5; Icon. pl. asiat. 3: t. 144, fig. 2. 1851
Name verified on: 13-Jan-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 23-May-2014
Species priority site is: National Small Grains Collection (NSGC).
Accessions: 15 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

A declared noxious weed by USDA-APHIS.
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
AL*, CA*, FL*, GA°, MA*, NC*.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

Common names:

  • red rice   (Source: State Noxweed Seed ) – English
  • wild rice   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • ye sheng dao   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • arroz-selvagem-vermelho   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)

Economic importance:

  • Gene sources: crop quality for rice   (fide Breed Sci 60:520. 2010)
  • Gene sources: disease resistance for rice   (to aluminum fide Breed Sci 60:520. 2010)
  • Gene sources: high yield for rice   (fide Breed Sci 60:520. 2010)
  • Gene sources: metal tolerance for rice   (to aluminum fide Breed Sci 60:520. 2010)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of rice   (based on genome (AA carrier) constitution & crossability with rice fide Proc Natl Acad Sci 96:14404. 1999; Curr Opinion Biol 6:140. 2003)
  • Gene sources: probable progenitor of rice   (as progenitor of Asian cultivated rice based on its AA-genome constitution fide Breed Sci 60:519. 2010)
  • Gene sources: salt tolerance for rice   (fide Pl Res SEAs 10:106. 1996)
  • Weed   (forms weedy hybrids with cultivated rice fide IRRI Pap. 138:11. 1989; Weeds of rice in Indonesia)

Distributional range:

    China: China - Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan
    Eastern Asia: Taiwan
    Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh; India; Sri Lanka
    Indo-China: Cambodia; Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines - Mindanao
    Australia: Australia - Northern Territory, Queensland




Check other web resources for Oryza rufipogon Griff.:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.
Jump to Gramene: A Comparative Mapping Resource for Grains

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (13 October 2015)

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