USDA ARS United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area

Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
Jump to common names  Jump to economic impacts  Jump to distribution  Jump to references  Jump to synonyms  Jump to links to other online resources  Jump to images

***Please tell us why you value GRIN Taxonomy***

Taxon: Oryza rufipogon Griff.

Genus: Oryza section: Oryza series: Oryza
Family: Poaceae (alt. Gramineae) subfamily: Ehrhartoideae tribe: Oryzeae.
Nomen number: 26076
Place of publication: Not. pl. asiat. 3:5; Icon. pl. asiat. 3: t. 144, fig. 2. 1851
Name verified on: 13-Jan-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 23-May-2014
Species priority site is: National Small Grains Collection (NSGC).
Accessions: 15 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

A declared noxious weed by USDA-APHIS.
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
AL*, CA*, FL*, GA°, MA*, NC*.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

Common names:

  • red rice   (Source: State Noxweed Seed ) – English
  • wild rice   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • ye sheng dao   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • arroz-selvagem-vermelho   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)

Economic importance:

  • Gene sources: crop quality for rice   (fide Breed Sci 60:520. 2010)
  • Gene sources: disease resistance for rice   (to aluminum fide Breed Sci 60:520. 2010)
  • Gene sources: high yield for rice   (fide Breed Sci 60:520. 2010)
  • Gene sources: metal tolerance for rice   (to aluminum fide Breed Sci 60:520. 2010)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of rice   (based on genome (AA carrier) constitution & crossability with rice fide Proc Natl Acad Sci 96:14404. 1999; Curr Opinion Biol 6:140. 2003)
  • Gene sources: probable progenitor of rice   (as progenitor of Asian cultivated rice based on its AA-genome constitution fide Breed Sci 60:519. 2010)
  • Gene sources: salt tolerance for rice   (fide Pl Res SEAs 10:106. 1996)
  • Weed   (forms weedy hybrids with cultivated rice fide IRRI Pap. 138:11. 1989; Weeds of rice in Indonesia)

Distributional range:

    China: China - Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan
    Eastern Asia: Taiwan
    Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh; India; Sri Lanka
    Indo-China: Cambodia; Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines - Mindanao
    Australia: Australia - Northern Territory, Queensland


  • Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants. Florida state list aquatic & wetland noxious weeds - from Department of Environmental Protection (on-line resource).
  • Davidse, G. et al., eds. 1994. Flora mesoamericana.
  • Duistermaat, H. 1987. A revision of Oryza (Gramineae) in Malesia and Australia. Blumea 32:170.
  • Ge, S. et al. 1999. Phylogeny of rice genomes with emphasis on origins of allotetraploid species. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 96:14400–14405.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Grubben, G. J. H. & Soetjipto Partohardjono, eds. 1996. Cereals. 10:106 In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 10:106.
  • Hilu, K. W. & L. V. Sharova. 2002. Evolutionary implications of substitution patterns in prolamin genes of Oryza glaberrima (African rice, Poaceae) and related species. Amer. J. Bot. 89:211–219.
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  • Jena, K. K. 2010. The species of the genus Oryza and transfer of useful genes from wild species into cultivated rice, O. sativa. Breed. Sci. 60:518–523.
  • Morishima, H. 1984. Wild plants and domestication. 6 In: Tsunoda, S. & N. Takahashi, eds., Biology of rice. 6. [= O. perennis Moench].
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Prathepha, P. 2008. Genetic variation of wild rice populations from Thailand and the Lao PDR based on molecular markers. Pakistan J. Biol. Sci. 11:26–33.
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Branch, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. 1999. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act.
  • Sharma, S. D. 2003. Nomenclatural confusions in genus Oryza. 355 In: Nanda, J. S. & S. D. Sharma, eds., Monograph on Genus Oryza. 355.
  • Sharma, S. D. 2003. Species of genus Oryza and their interrelationships. 78, 100 In: Nanda, J. S. & S. D. Sharma, eds., Monograph on Genus Oryza. 78, 100.
  • Soerjani, M. et al., eds. 1987. Weeds of rice in Indonesia.
  • Tateoka, T. 1963. Taxonomic studies of Oryza. III. Key to the species and their enumeration. Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 76:169.
  • Vandiver, V. V. et al. 1992. Discovery of Oryza rufipogon (Poaceae: Oryzeae), new to the United States, with its implications. Sida 15:105–110.
  • Vaughan, D. A. 1989. The genus Oryza L. Current status of taxonomy. Int. Rice Res. Inst. Techn. Pap. 138:10, 17.
  • Vaughan, D. A. 2003. Revised key to species in genus Oryza. 348 In: Nanda, J. S. & S. D. Sharma, eds., Monograph on Genus Oryza. 348.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Zhu, Q. & S. Ge. 2005. Phylogenetic relationships among A-genome species of the genus Oryza revealed by intron sequences of four nuclear genes. New Phytol. 167:249–265.
  • Zhu, T. et al. 2014. Phylogenetic relationships and genome divergence among the AA-genome species of the genus Oryza as revealed by 53 nuclear genes and 16 intergeneric regions. Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 70:348–361.


Check other web resources for Oryza rufipogon Griff.:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.
Jump to Gramene: A Comparative Mapping Resource for Grains

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (22 July 2014)

Please send us your comments

Close Window

Ctrl P to print