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Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Olea europaea L.

Genus: Olea subgenus: Olea section: Olea
Family: Oleaceae tribe: Oleeae
Nomen number: 25555
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:8. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 29-Jan-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 29-Jan-2004
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV).
Accessions: 154 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • African olive   (Source: Cunninghamia 9:545.) – English   [Olea europaea subsp. cuspidata]
  • brown olive   (Source: Ency WTimber ) – English   [Olea europaea subsp. cuspidata]
  • olive   (Source: Herbs Commerce ed2 ) – English
  • olive   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Olea europaea subsp. europaea]
  • oliveleaf   (Source: CRC MedHerbs ed2 ) – English
  • small-fruit olive   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • wild olive   (Source: Ency WTimber ) – English   [Olea europaea subsp. cuspidata]
  • mu xi lian   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese   [Olea europaea subsp. europaea]
  • olivier   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Olea europaea subsp. europaea]
  • olivier   (Source: PROTA4U ) – French
  • Ölbaum   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Olea europaea subsp. europaea]
  • Olive   (Source: S. Reichel, p.c.) – German   [Olea europaea subsp. europaea]
  • Olivenbaum   (Source: Zander ed14 ) – German   [Olea europaea subsp. europaea]
  • olivo   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Italian   [Olea europaea subsp. europaea]
  • oliveira   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese   [Olea europaea subsp. europaea]
  • oliveira   (Source: PROTA4U ) – Portuguese
  • azeitona   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • aceituno   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Olea europaea subsp. europaea]
  • olivo   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Olea europaea subsp. europaea]
  • mzaituni   (Source: PROTA4U ) – Swahili
  • mzeituni   (Source: PROTA4U ) – Swahili
  • olivträd   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

    Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    South Tropical Africa: Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia; South Africa
    Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar; Mauritius; Reunion
    Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia; Yemen
    Western Asia: Cyprus; Israel; Jordan; Turkey
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Former Yugoslavia; Greece [incl. Crete]; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain [incl. Baleares]

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
    Australia: Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand
    United States [w.]
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii

  • widely cultivated




Check other web resources for Olea europaea L.:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (26 November 2015)

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