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Taxon: Nymphaea caerulea Savigny

Genus: Nymphaea subgenus: Brachyceras
Family: Nymphaeaceae
Nomen number: 25433
Place of publication: Décade Egypt. 1:71(-74). 1798 (Ann. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 1:366, t.25. 1802)
Comments:Name verified on: 13-Dec-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 15-May-2015
No species priority site assigned.


Common names:

  • blue Egyptian lotus   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – English
  • blue lotus   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • Egyptian lotus   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • bashneen azraq   (Source: F Egypt ) – Arabic
  • blaue ägyptische Seerose   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – German
  • blauer ägyptischer Lotus   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – German
  • egyptisk blålotus   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

    Northern Africa: Egypt
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia [n.]; Somalia; Sudan
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    West-Central Tropical Africa: Zaire
    South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia; South Africa - Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West; Swaziland
    Arabian Peninsula: Yemen
    Western Asia: Israel [extinct]

    Brazil: Brazil - Sao Paulo
    Southern South America: Argentina - Misiones

  • also cultivated


  • Agami, M. 1980. The mysterious disappearance of the blue water lily. Israel Land Nat. 5:154–156. [extinct in Israel].
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Arnold, T. H. & B. C. De Wet, eds. 1993. Plants of southern Africa: names and distribution. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa no. 62.
  • Boulos, L. 1995. Flora of Egypt checklist.
  • Boulos, L. 1999–. Flora of Egypt.
  • Carrisso, L. W. et al., eds. 1937–. Conspectus florae angolensis.
  • Cufodontis, G. 1953–1972. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage.
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960–. Flora zambesiaca.
  • Fossen, T. & Ø. M. Andersen. 1999. Delphinidin 3-galloylgalactosides from blue flowers of Nymphaea caerulea. Phytochemistry 50:1185–1188.
  • Hammel, B. E. et al., eds. 2003–. Manual de plantas de Costa Rica.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Mauve, A. A. 1967. Water-lilies in South Africa. Fauna & Fl. (Pretoria) 18:31–35.
  • Merxmüller, H., ed. 1966–1972. Prodromus einer flora von Sudwestafrika.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Thulin, M., ed. 1993–. Flora of Somalia. [= N. nouchali var. caerulea (Savigny) Verdc.].
  • Tur, N. M. 2003. Nymphaea elegans (Nymphaeaceae) nueva cita para la flora argentina. Hickenia 3(38–47):167–170. [a misidentified N. caerulea Savigny].
  • Tur, N. M. 2006. Sobre la presencia de Nymphaea caerulea (Nymphaeaceae) en la Argentina. Hickenia 3(67):278.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa. [= N. nouchali var. caerulea (Savigny) Verdc.].
  • Wanderley, M. G. L., ed. 2001–. Flora fanerogâmica do Estado de São Paulo.
  • Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the flora of Yemen.
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966–. Flora palaestina.


Check other web resources for Nymphaea caerulea Savigny:

  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Nymphaea caerulea cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Check other web resources for images:

  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (02 September 2015)

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