USDA ARS United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area

Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
Jump to common names  Jump to economic impacts  Jump to distribution  Jump to references  Jump to synonyms  Jump to links to other online resources  Jump to images

***Please tell us why you value GRIN Taxonomy***

Taxon: Nymphaea alba L.

Genus: Nymphaea subgenus: Nymphaea section: Nymphaea
Family: Nymphaeaceae
Nomen number: 25429
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:510. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 01-Dec-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 17-Feb-2000
No species priority site assigned.


See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:


Economic importance:


Distributional range:

    Northern Africa: Algeria [n.]; Morocco; Tunisia
    Western Asia: Iran [n.]; Iraq; Israel [extinct]; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Russian Federation - Krasnodar, Stavropol
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Chelyabinsk
    Indian Subcontinent: India - Jammu and Kashmir
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - Astrakhan, Bashkortostan, Belgorod, Bryansk, Chuvashia, Ivanovo, Kaliningrad, Kaluga, Karelia, Kursk, Leningrad, Lipetsk, Mordvinia, Moscow, Nizhniy Novgorod, Novgorod, Orel, Orenburg, Penza, Pskov, Rostov, Ryazan, Samara, Saratov, Smolensk, Tambov, Tatarstan, Tula, Tver, Ulyanovsk, Vladimir, Volgograd, Voronezh; Ukraine
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain [incl. Baleares]

  • also cultivated in temperate regions


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Cannon, J. & M. Cannon. 1994. Dye plants and dyeing. The Herbert Press & The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Castroviejo, S. et al., eds. 1989–. Flora iberica: plantas vasculares de la Peninsula Iberica e Islas Baleares.
  • Dafni, A. & M. Agami. 1976. Extinct plants of Israel. Biol. Conservation 10:49–52. [extinct in Israel].
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage.
  • Fennane, M. et al., eds. 1999–. Flore pratique du Maroc.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Fu, D.-Z. & J. H. Wiersema. 2001. Nymphaeaceae. In: Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds., Flora of China (English edition).
  • Giesen, T. G. & G. van der Velde. 1978. De verspreiding van Nymphaea candida Presl en Nymphaea alba L. in Nederland. Gorteria 9(3):61–66.
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984–. Med-Checklist.
  • Grossheim, A. A. et al., eds. 1939–. Flora Kavkaza, ed. 2.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972–. Atlas florae europaeae.
  • Jonsell, B., ed. 2000. Flora nordica.
  • Kak, A. M. 1985. Aquatic and wetland vegetation of the north western Himalaya—XXI. Family Nymphaeaceae in the north western Himalaya. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 7:591–598.
  • Kak, A. M. 1990. Aquatic and wetland vegetation of the Kashmir Himalaya. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 14:10.
  • Khan, Z. et al. 1997. Aquatic plants of Iran and Pakistan: 8. Nymphaeaceae. Biologia (Lahore) 43:10.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Koul, K. & A. R. Naqshi. 1988. Nymphaeaceae of Jammu and Kashmir. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 85:454–456.
  • Kumar, S. 2001. Flora of Haryana (Materials).
  • Laasimer, L. et al., eds. 1993–. Flora of the Baltic countries; compendium of vascular plants.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Muntendam, J. B. et al. 1996. Morphometric patterns in the Nymphaea alba-candida complex. Acta Bot. Neerl. 45:279–302.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. 1993–. Flora of India.
  • Shetty, B. V. & V. Singh, eds. 1987–. Flora of India. Series 2: Flora of Rajasthan. [mentions].
  • Singh, N. P., eds. 2002–. Flora of Jammu & Kashmir.
  • Takhtajan, A. L., ed. 1954–1987. Flora Armenii.
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966–. Flora of Iraq.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1993. Flora europaea, second edition.
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966–. Flora palaestina.


Check other web resources for Nymphaea alba L.:

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Nymphaea alba cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Check other web resources for images:

  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (06 October 2015)

Please send us your comments

Close Window

Ctrl P to print