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Taxon: Nasturtium officinale W. T. Aiton

Genus: Nasturtium
Family: Brassicaceae (alt. Cruciferae) tribe: Cardamineae.
Nomen number: 25072
Place of publication: Hortus kew. ed. 2, 4:110. 1812
Comment: R. Brown is considered to have authored the Brassicaceae in Aiton's Hortus kew. ed. 2 (see TL-2 Suppl. III: 141), but with no indication of this in the work itself Aiton is author of new names therein (Melbourne ICN Art. 46, Note 3, but see Ex. 23)
Name verified on: 10-Apr-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 21-May-2013
No species priority site assigned.
Accessions: 2 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


SPECIES RESTRICTED AS A STATE NOXIOUS WEED
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
CTª.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

Common names:

  • watercress   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • bronkors   (Source: Weeds SAfr 2001 [as Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum]) – Afrikaans
  • dou ban cai   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • cresson d'eau   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • cresson de fontaine   (Source: Pl Res SEAs ) – French
  • Brunnenkresse   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • echte Brunnenkresse   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • selada-air   (Source: Pl Res SEAs ) – Indonesian
  • mizu-garashi   (Source: Names Batra ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • oranda-garashi   (Source: F JapanOhwi ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • agrião   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • berro   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
More:

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    Northern Africa: Algeria [n.]; Egypt; Libya [n.]; Morocco; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India; Pakistan
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Ireland; Sweden [s.]; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece [incl. Crete]; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain [incl. Baleares]

      Naturalized:
  • AFRICA
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania
    West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Rwanda; Sao Tome and Principe; Zaire
    West Tropical Africa: Mali; Niger
    South Tropical Africa: Mozambique; Zimbabwe
    Southern Africa: Lesotho; South Africa
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia
    China: China [n. & w.]
    Eastern Asia: Japan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: Nepal; Sri Lanka
    Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Canada
    Mexico
    United States
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: Barbados; Cuba; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Guadeloupe; Haiti; Jamaica; Martinique; Puerto Rico; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines; Trinidad and Tobago; Virgin Islands (U.S.) - St. Croix
    Mesoamerica: Guatemala; Nicaragua
    Northern South America: French Guiana; Venezuela
    Brazil: Brazil
    Western South America: Bolivia; Ecuador; Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Uruguay

      Uncertain:
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores

References:

  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong. 2012. Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98.
  • Al-Shehbaz, I. A. & R. A. Price. 1998. Delimitation of the genus Nasturtium (Brassicaceae). Novon 8:124–126.
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961–. Flora of New Zealand. [= Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum (L.) Hayek].
  • Batra, L. R. 1995. Names of Japanese plants sorted by their Japanese names in Romanized Katakana and scientific nomenclature.
  • Boulos, L. 1999–. Flora of Egypt.
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. [= Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum (L.) Hayek].
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980–. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. [= Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum (L.) Hayek].
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. [lists as N. officinale R. Br.].
  • Eriksson, O. et al. 1979. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2.
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960–. Flora zambesiaca. [= Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum (L.) Hayek].
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Funk, V. et al. 2007. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55:1-584. [= Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum (L.) Hayek].
  • George, A. S., ed. 1980–. Flora of Australia. [= Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum (L.) Hayek].
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984–. Med-Checklist.
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984–. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  • Hara, H. et al. 1978–1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989–. Flora of Ethiopia. (and Eritrea. 2000) [= Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum (L.) Hayek].
  • Henderson, L. 2001. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12. [= Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum (L.) Hayek].
  • Hokche, O. et al. 2008. Nuevo catálogo de la flora vascular de Venezola.
  • Howard, R. 1974–1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993–. Flora of Japan.
  • Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres.
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972–. Atlas florae europaeae. [= Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum (L.) Hayek].
  • Jardín Botánico Nacional. 1998–. Flora de la República de Cuba.
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75.
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953–1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. [= Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum (L.) Hayek].
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Liogier, A. H. 1981–. Flora of Hispaniola: Part 1; La Flora de la Española. Part II-.
  • Liogier, H. A. 1984–. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • Miller, A. G. & T. A. Cope. 1996–. Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra.
  • Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Rzedowski, J. & G. Rzedowski, eds. 1979–. Flora fanerogámica del Valle de México. [= Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum (L.) Hayek].
  • Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. 1993–. Flora of India.
  • Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables. 8:239 In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 8:239. [= Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum (L.) Hayek].
  • Silva, L. et al. 2005. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta).
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946–1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. 1948–. Flora malesiana. [= Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum (L.) Hayek].
  • Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. 2001. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3).
  • Troupin, G. 1978–. Flore du Rwanda.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa. [= Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum (L.) Hayek].
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1993. Flora europaea, second edition.
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource).
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966–. Flora palaestina.
  • Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. 1996. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74., 1999 [= Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum (L.) Hayek].
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Nasturtium officinale W. T. Aiton:


Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds or fruits: Seed ID Workshop image, from Department of Horticulture and Crop Science, Ohio State University
More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?25072 (23 October 2014)

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