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Taxon: Musa textilis Née

Genus: Musa section: Callimusa
Family: Musaceae
Nomen number: 24742
Place of publication: Anales Ci. Nat. 4:123. 1801
Name verified on: 23-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-Jun-2015
No species priority site assigned.


Common names:

  • Manila-hemp   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • jiao ma   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • abaca   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • bananier à fibres   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 17:186.) – French
  • chanvre de Manille   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Faser-Banane   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – German
  • Manilahanf   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • cânhamo-de-Manila   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • cáñamo de Manila   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • manilahampa   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of Manila-hemp   (fide Handb Pl Breed Ind Cr 12:277. 2015)
  • Materials: fiber   (source of Manila hemp fide Baileya 5:185. 1957; Hortus 3)

Distributional range:

    Malesia: Philippines [probably wild]

    East Tropical Africa: Kenya
    West-Central Tropical Africa: Equatorial Guinea
    Malesia: Philippines
    Western South America: Ecuador


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Brink, M. & R. P. Escobin, eds. 2003. Fibre plants. In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 17:186–193.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Govaerts, R. World checklist of selected plant families (on-line resource).
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Häkkinen, M. & H. Väre. 2008. Typification and check-list of Musa L. names (Musaceae) with nomenclatural notes. Adansonia sér. 3, 30:94.
  • Häkkinen, M. 2013. Reappraisal of sectional taxonomy in Musa (Musaceae). Taxon 62:809–813.
  • Howard, R. 1974–1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Jarret, R. L. et al. 1992. RFLP-based phylogeny of Musa species in Papua New Guinea. Theor. Appl. Genet. 84:579–584. [it examined affinities among 11 different species of sects. Musa and "Australimusa" (= Callimusa); Musa textilis clustered with M. lolodensis and Musa troglodytarum (as Musa fehi), and together sister to the other species of sect. Callimusa; it proposed M. lolodensis as the "closest wild relative of fe'i bananas", but noting that due to low statistical support, this proposal did not exclude the hypothesis that "fe'i bananas were derived from M. textilis or M. lolodensis × M. textilis hybrids"].
  • Lalusin, A. G. & M. L. H. Villavicencio. 2015. Chapter 12. Abaca (Musa textilis Nee) breeding in the Philippines. Pp. 265–289 in: Cruz, V. M. V. & D. A. Dierig, eds., Handbook of Plant Breeding. 9. Industrial Crops.
  • Li, H.-W. 1978. The Musaceae of Yunnan. Acta Phytotax. Sin. 16:64.
  • Li, L.-F. et al. 2010. Molecular phylogeny and systematics of the banana family (Musaceae) inferred from multiple nuclear and chloroplast DNA fragments, with a special reference to the genus Musa. Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 57:1–10.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Merrill, E. D. 1922–1926. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants.
  • Moore, H. E., Jr. 1957. Musa and Ensete the cultivated bananas. Baileya 5:185.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Sharrock, S. 2001. Diversity in the genus Musa. Focus on Australimusa. INIBAP. Networking Banana and Plantain. Annual Report. 14–19.
  • Smith, A. C. 1979–1991. Flora vitiensis nova.
  • Westphal, E. & P. C. M. Jansen, eds. 1989. A selection. In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). A:188.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).

Check other web resources for Musa textilis Née:

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (28 November 2015)

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