USDA ARS United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area

Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
Jump to common names  Jump to economic impacts  Jump to distribution  Jump to references  Jump to synonyms  Jump to links to other online resources  Jump to images

***Please tell us why you value GRIN Taxonomy***

Taxon: Musa acuminata Colla

Genus: Musa section: Musa
Family: Musaceae
Nomen number: 24706
Place of publication: Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino 25:394. 1820 (Mem. gen. Musa 66)
  • or Musa AA, AAA, and AAAA Groups
  • non-hybrid forms of edible bananas
Name verified on: 23-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 18-Nov-2009
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Mayaguez (MAY).
Accessions: 135 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • banana   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • Cavendish banana   (Source: F Viti [as M. nana]) – English
  • Chinese banana   (Source: F Viti [as M. nana]) – English
  • dwarf banana   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • taw-byaw   (Source: Kew Bull 11:469.) – Transcribed Burmese   [Musa acuminata subsp. burmannica]
  • bananier   (Source: C. Feuillet, p.c.) – French
  • bananier nain   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Banane   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • Zwergbanane   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • pisang batu   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 18:130.) – Indonesian
  • gedang klutuk   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 18:130.) – Indonesian (Java)
  • pisang utan   (Source: Kew Bull 11:466.) – Malay   [Musa acuminata subsp. malaccensis]
  • banana-nanica   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • nanicão   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • plátano   (Source: Spanish Dict ) – Spanish
  • cau batu   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 18:130.) – Sudanese
  • ädelbanan   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
  • bitoki   (Source: Bananas ) – Uganda
  • bungulan   (Source: F Philipp ) – unknown

Economic importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring   (fide Pl Res SEAs 18:130. 2000)
  • Human food: beverage base   (botanical name of some diploid & triploid forms of cultivated sweet bananas with genome only of M. acuminata fide Baileya 5:170. 1957; Food Feed Crops US)
  • Human food: fruit   (fide Pl Res SEAs 18:130. 2000)
  • Human food: vegetable   (fide Pl Res SEAs 18:130. 2000)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of A-genome bananas   (fide Proc Natl Acad Sci 28:11311. 2011)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of banana   (fide Pl Res SEAs 18:130. 2000)
  • Materials: wax   (fide Pl Res SEAs 18:130. 2000)
  • Materials: wrapping   (fide Pl Res SEAs 18:130. 2000)

Distributional range:

    China: China - Guangxi [w.], Yunnan [s.e.]
    Indian Subcontinent: India [s.]; Sri Lanka
    Indo-China: Indochina; Myanmar; Thailand
    Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Philippines

    East Tropical Africa: Tanzania - Pemba [natzd.?]

  • widely cultivated


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Bibliograf, S. A., eds. 1964. Vox modern college Spanish & English dictionary.
  • Boer, E. & A. B. Ella, eds. 2000. Plants producing exudates. In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 18:130.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Feuillet, C. 1998. pers. comm. [re. French common names].
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Govaerts, R. World checklist of selected plant families (on-line resource).
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Häkkinen, M. & H. Väre. 2008. Typification and check-list of Musa L. names (Musaceae) with nomenclatural notes. Adansonia sér. 3, 30:65.
  • Häkkinen, M. 2011. Wild Musaceae species in China. Acta Hort. 897:81–85.
  • Häkkinen, M. 2013. Reappraisal of sectional taxonomy in Musa (Musaceae). Taxon 62:809–813. [it only mentions this name; it does not include any subspecific name].
  • Heslop-Harrison, J. S. & T. Schwarzacher. 2007. Domestication, genomics and the future for banana. Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 100:1073–1084.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Li, L.-F. et al. 2010. Molecular phylogeny and systematics of the banana family (Musaceae) inferred from multiple nuclear and chloroplast DNA fragments, with a special reference to the genus Musa. Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 57:1–10. [it found a paraphyletic Musa acuminata].
  • Li, L.-F. et al. 2013. Origins and domestication of cultivated banana inferred from chloroplast and nuclear genes. PLoS One 8(11): e80502. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0080502.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • Merrill, E. D. 1922–1926. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants.
  • Moore, H. E., Jr. 1957. Musa and Ensete the cultivated bananas. Baileya 5:176.
  • Ortiz, R. 2011. Chapter 6. Musa. Pp. 97–128 in: Kole, C., ed., Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, tropical and subtropical fruits.
  • Perrier, X. et al. 2011. Multidisciplinary perspectives on banana (Musa spp.) domestication. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108:11311–11318.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Robinson, J. C. 1996. Bananas and plantains. Crop Prod. Sci. Hort. 5:1–238.
  • Saldanha, C. J. & D. H. Nicolson. 1976. Flora of Hassan district. [mentions].
  • Simmonds, N. W. 1966. Bananas. Tropical Agriculture Series. 2nd edition.
  • Smith, A. C. 1979–1991. Flora vitiensis nova. [= M. nana].
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  • Westphal, E. & P. C. M. Jansen, eds. 1989. A selection. In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). A:190.
  • Wong, C. et al. 2001. Genetic diversity of the wild banana Musa acuminata Colla in Malaysia as evidenced by AFLP. Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 88:1017–1025.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).


Check other web resources for Musa acuminata Colla:

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (04 October 2015)

Please send us your comments

Close Window

Ctrl P to print