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Taxon: Murraya exotica L.

Genus: Murraya
Family: Rutaceae subfamily: Aurantioideae tribe: Aurantieae subtribe: Merrilliinae
Nomen number: 24702
Place of publication: Mant. pl. 2:563. 1771 "Murraea"
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 28-Sep-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 13-Sep-2012
No species priority site assigned.


Common names:

  • barktree   (Source: Zander Ency ) – English
  • Burmese-boxwood   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – English
  • China-box   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • Chinese-box   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English
  • Chinese-boxwood   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – English
  • Chinese-myrtle   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – English
  • cosmetic-bark-tree   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English
  • Hawaiian-mock orange   (Source: Gard Hawaii ) – English
  • jasmine-orange   (Source: Cornucopia ) – English
  • mock orange   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • orange-jasmine   (Source: A. Beattie, p.c.) – English
  • orange-jessamine   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • satinwood   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English
  • jiu li xiang   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • bois buis   (Source: F Mascar ) – French
  • bois jasmin   (Source: F Mascar ) – French
  • buis de Chine   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – French
  • Jasmin-Orangenraute   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • doftruta   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases   (for citrus fide A. Beattie, pers. comm.)
  • Environmental: boundary/barrier/support   (fide F Japan, as M. paniculata)
  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide F Ceylon)
  • Materials: wood   (fide F Japan, as M. paniculata)
  • Medicines: folklore   (fide Pl Res SEAs 5(3):389. 1998)

Distributional range:

    China: China - Fujian [s.], Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou [s.], Hainan
    Eastern Asia: Taiwan
    Indo-China: Vietnam [n.]

    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania
    West Tropical Africa: Benin; Nigeria
    South Tropical Africa: Mozambique; Zimbabwe
    Southern Africa: South Africa
    Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar; Mauritius; Reunion
    China: China [s.]
    Southwestern Pacific: Fiji
    Caribbean: Cuba
  • also cultivated elsewhere


  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). [= M. paniculata (L.) Jack].
  • Beattie, A. 2011. pers. comm. via e–mail to L. Fowler on 15 Sept 2011. [re. M. exotica vs. M. paniculata].
  • Chung, N. H. 2011. Circumscription of Murraya and Merrillia (Sapindales: Rutaceae: Aurantioideae) and susceptibility of species and forms to huanglongbing. Unpublished dissertation (University of Western Sydney) 254 pp.
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980–. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. [accepts, for cult. species derived from wild M. paniculata].
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. [= M. paniculata (L.) Jack].
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. [= M. paniculata (L.) Jack].
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984–. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. [= M. paniculata (L.) Jack].
  • Hara, H. et al. 1978–1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. [= M. paniculata (L.) Jack].
  • Huang, C. C. 1959. Preliminary study on Chinese Rutaceae (3). Acta Phytotax. Sin. 8:100. [= M. paniculata var. exotica (L.) Huang].
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993–. Flora of Japan. [= M. paniculata (L.) Jack].
  • Li, H. L. et al., eds. 1975–1979. Flora of Taiwan. [= M. paniculata (L.) Jack].
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. [= M. paniculata (L.) Jack].
  • Mabberley, D. J. 1998. Australian Citreae with notes on other Aurantioideae (Rutaceae). Telopea 7:342–343. [perhaps best treated as a cultivar of M. paniculata (L.) Jack].
  • Merrill, E. D. 1922–1926. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants. [= M. paniculata (L.) Jack].
  • Saldanha, C. J. & D. H. Nicolson. 1976. Flora of Hassan district. [= M. paniculata (L.) Jack].
  • Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. 1993–. Flora of India. [= M. paniculata (L.) Jack].
  • Smith, A. C. 1979–1991. Flora vitiensis nova. [= M. paniculata (L.) Jack].
  • Sosef, M. S. M. et al., eds. 1998. Timber trees: lesser-known timbers. In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 5(3):389–391.
  • Swingle, W. T. & P. C. Reece. 1967. The botany of Citrus and its wild relatives. [= M. paniculata (L.) Jack].
  • Walker, E. 1976. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. [= M. paniculata (L.) Jack].
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).


Check other web resources for Murraya exotica L.:

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Check other web resources for images:

  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (25 November 2015)

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