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Taxon: Fragaria chiloensis (L.) Mill.

Genus: Fragaria
Family: Rosaceae subfamily: Rosoideae tribe: Potentilleae subtribe: Fragariinae
Nomen number: 246
Place of publication: Gard. dict. ed. 8: Fragaria no. 4. 1768 (A. N. Duchesne, Hist. nat. frais. 165. 1766, as "races principales")
Comment: Duchesne's (1766) usage of binary names for "races principales" do not qualify as species names
Name verified on: 24-Mar-2006 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 24-Mar-2006
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR).
Accessions: 19 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • only available ) NPGS core subset accessions for the crop ‘STRAWBERRY’ ) or .
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • beach strawberry   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • Chilean strawberry   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • Chiloe strawberry   (Source: Zander ed16 ) – English
  • chilère   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • fraisier du Chili   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Chileerdbeere   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • moranguiero-do-Chile   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • fresa chilena   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • frutilla   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Subarctic America: United States - Alaska [s. (coastal)]
    Western Canada: Canada - British Columbia [coastal]
    Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Oregon [coastal], Washington [coastal]
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California [coastal]
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    Southern South America: Argentina [s.]; Chile [s.]

    Western South America: Bolivia; Ecuador; Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina [w.?]; Chile


  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. [lists as F. chiloensis (L.) Duchesne].
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2000. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage.
  • Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Govindarajulu, R. et al. 2015. Comparison of nuclear, plastid, and mitochondrial phylogenies and the origin of wild octoploid strawberry species. Amer. J. Bot. 104: doi: 10.3732/ajb.1500026.
  • Hancock, J. F. et al. 2004. Taxonomic variation among North and South American subspecies of Fragaria virginiana Miller and Fragaria chiloensis (L.) Miller. Canad. J. Bot. 82:1632–1644. [this study using statistical anlysis of morphological features of the wild octoploid species finds support for the recognition of F. chiloensis & F. virginiana at the species level, but not for any of their infraspecific taxa].
  • Hitchcock, C. L. et al. 1955–1969. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. [lists as F. chiloensis (L.) Duchesne].
  • Hokanson, K. E. et al. 2006. Relationships among subspecies of New World octoploid strawberry species, Fragaria virginiana and Fragaria chiloensis, based on simple sequence repeat marker analysis. Canad. J. Bot. 84:1829–1841.
  • IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR. [lists as F. chiloensis Duchesne].
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. [lists as F. chiloensis (L.) Duchesne].
  • Mabberley, D. J. 2002. Potentilla and Fragaria (Rosaceae) reunited. Telopea 9:797. [= Potentilla chiloensis (L.) Mabb.].
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck. 1959. A California flora. [lists as F. chiloensis (L.) Duchesne].
  • Njuguna, W. et al. 2013. Insights into phylogeny, sex function and age of Fragaria based on whole chloroplast genome sequencing. Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 66:17–29.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1978–1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. [lists as F. chiloensis (L.) Dcne.].
  • St. John, H. 1973. List and summary of the flowering plants in the Hawaiian islands. [lists as F. chiloensis (L.) Duchesne].
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946–1976. Flora of Guatemala. [lists as F. chiloensis (L.) Duchesne].
  • Staudt, G. 1962. Taxonomic studies in the genus Fragaria. Typification of Fragaria species known at the time of Linnaeus. Canad. J. Bot. 40:881. [lists as F. chiloensis (L.) Duchesne].
  • Staudt, G. 1989. The species of Fragaria, their taxonomy and geographical distribution. Acta Hort. 265:29.
  • Staudt, G. 1999. Systematics and geographical distribution of the American strawberry species. Taxonomic studies in the genus Fragaria (Rosaceae: Potentilleae). Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 81:100.
  • Staudt, G. 2009. Strawberry biogeography, genetics and systematics. Acta Hort. 842:71–83.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea. [mentions; lists as F. chiloensis (L.) Duchesne].
  • Wagner, W. L. et al. 1990. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i. [lists as F. chiloensis (L.) Duchesne].


Check other web resources for Fragaria chiloensis (L.) Mill.:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (05 October 2015)

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