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Taxon: Momordica charantia L.

Genus: Momordica
Family: Cucurbitaceae tribe: Momordiceae.
Nomen number: 24520
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1009. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 28-May-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 25-Jan-2011
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9).
Accessions: 23 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


See also subordinate taxa:


Common names:

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Economic importance:

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Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Cameroon; Gabon; Rwanda; Zaire
    West Tropical Africa: Benin; Cote D'Ivoire; Gambia; Ghana; Liberia; Mali; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone
    South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    Indo-China: Cambodia; Thailand; Vietnam
    Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia - Queensland
  • PACIFIC
    South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia
    Southwestern Pacific: Fiji

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida, Louisiana
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas [s.e.]
    Mexico
  • PACIFIC
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: Bahamas; Barbados; Cayman Islands; Cuba; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Haiti; Jamaica; Martinique; Montserrat; Netherlands Antilles; Puerto Rico; St. Kitts and Nevis; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines; Virgin Islands (British); Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    Brazil: Brazil
    Western South America: Bolivia; Ecuador; Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina; Paraguay

      Cultivated:
  • widely cultivated

References:

  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al. 1996. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 78:1-581.
  • Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica.
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. 1960–. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam.
  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. 1963–. Flore du Cameroun.
  • Balick, M. J. et al. 2000. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize, with common names and uses. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 85.
  • Berhaut, J. 1971–. Flore illustrée du Senegal.
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45.
  • Burkill, H. M. 1985–2004. The useful plants of west tropical Africa.
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988)
  • Carrisso, L. W. et al., eds. 1937–. Conspectus florae angolensis.
  • Chakravarty, H. L. 1982. Cucurbitaceae. 11:89–92 In: Botanical Survey of India, Fascicles of flora of India. 11:89–92.
  • Chakravarty, H. L. 1990. Cucurbits of India and their role in the development of vegetable crops. 329 In: Bates, D. M. et al., Biology and utilization of the Cucurbitaceae. 329.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  • Correa, J. E. & H. Y. Bernal. 1991. Especies vegetales promisorias de los paises del Convenio Andres Bello. 6:291–309.
  • Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll. 1982. Flora of the Bahama archipelago.
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas.
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980–. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  • De Wilde, W. J. J. O. & B. E. E. Duyfjes. 2002. Synopsis of Momordica (Cucurbitaceae) in SE Asia and Malesia. Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 87(3):135.
  • Dubs, B. 1998. Prodromus florae matogrossensis. Botany of Mato Grosso, series B, no. 3.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960–. Flora zambesiaca.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Funk, V. et al. 2007. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55:1-584.
  • George, A. S., ed. 1980–. Flora of Australia.
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Hamid, S. et al. 1995. Medicinal plants of family Cucurbitaceae of Pakistan (part II). Hamdard 38:93.
  • Hara, H. et al. 1978–1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  • Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds.
  • Holm, L. et al. 1997. World weeds: natural histories and distribution.
  • Howard, R. 1974–1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  • Humbert, J.-H., ed. 1936–. Flore de Madagascar et des Comores.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993–. Flora of Japan.
  • Jardin botanique national de Belgique. 1967–. Flore du Congo, du Rwanda et du Burundi (Flore d'Afrique centrale).
  • Jeffrey, C. 1980. The Cucurbitaceae of Eastern Asia.
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75.
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953–1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  • Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. [poisonous].
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. [poisonous].
  • Lasser, T., ed. 1964–. Flora de Venezuela.
  • Lee, Y. N. 1997. Flora of Korea.
  • León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier). 1946–1962. Flora de Cuba.; suppl. 1969
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Liogier, A. H. 1981–. Flora of Hispaniola: Part 1; La Flora de la Española. Part II-.
  • Liogier, H. A. 1984–. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • McVaugh, R. 1983–. Flora Novo-Galiciana.
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:110.
  • Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1. 12(1):357 In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 12(1):357.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Proctor, G. R. 1984. Flora of the Cayman Islands. Kew Bulletin Additional Series XI.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables. 8:206–210 In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 8:206–210.
  • Smith, A. C. 1979–1991. Flora vitiensis nova.
  • Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. 1970–. Flora of Thailand.
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946–1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. 1948–. Flora malesiana.
  • Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. 2001. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3).
  • Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. 1995–. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  • Uphof, J. C. T. 1968. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2.
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource).
  • Wagner, W. L. et al. 1990. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i.
  • Watson, J. F. 1868. Index to the native and scientific names of Indian and other eastern economic plants and products.
  • Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. 1943–1980. Flora of Panama.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Wunderlin, R. P. 1998. Guide to the vascular plants of Florida.
  • Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. 1996. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74., 1999
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Momordica charantia L.:


Images:

  • GRIN Images of germplasm accessions.
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?24520 (18 April 2014)

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