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Taxon: Miscanthus sinensis Andersson

Genus: Miscanthus
Family: Poaceae (alt. Gramineae) subfamily: Panicoideae tribe: Andropogoneae
Nomen number: 24493
Place of publication: Öfvers. Kongl. Vetensk.-Akad. Förh. 12:166. 1856
Name verified on: 01-Oct-2014 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 01-Oct-2014
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9).
Accessions: 143 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • Chinese silver grass   (Source: Zander ed17 [as M. sinensis]) – English   [Miscanthus sinensis subsp. sinensis]
  • eulalia   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English   [Miscanthus sinensis subsp. sinensis]
  • eulalia   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • euly   (Source: Grass Japan ) – English   [Miscanthus sinensis subsp. sinensis]
  • maiden grass   (Source: Pl Names [as M. sinensis]) – English   [Miscanthus sinensis subsp. sinensis]
  • miscanthus   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • purple silver grass   (Source: Pl Names [as Miscanthus purpurascens Andersson]) – English   [Miscanthus sinensis subsp. purpurascens]
  • zebra grass   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • zebra grass   (Source: Pl Names [as M. sinensis]) – English   [Miscanthus sinensis subsp. sinensis]
  • eulalie   (Source: Zander ed17 [as M. sinensis]) – French   [Miscanthus sinensis subsp. sinensis]
  • Chinaschilf   (Source: Zander ed17 [as M. sinensis]) – German   [Miscanthus sinensis subsp. sinensis]
  • Schilfgras   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • Schilfgras   (Source: Pl Names [as M. sinensis]) – German   [Miscanthus sinensis subsp. sinensis]
  • susuki   (Source: F Korea ) – Japanese Rōmaji   [Miscanthus sinensis subsp. sinensis]
  • eogsae   (Source: Kulturpflanze 34:110) – Transcribed Korean
  • capim-zebra   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • eulália   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • strandmiskantus   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish   [Miscanthus sinensis subsp. condensatus]

Economic importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide Dict Gard)
  • Gene sources: potential gene source for biomass energy plants   (fide Biomass Bioenergy 25:345-346. 2003)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of sugarcane   (fide J Amer Soc Sugar Cane Technol 11:39. 1991)

Distributional range:

    Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Kurile Islands [s.], Primorye [s.], Sakhalin [s.]
    China: China - Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Shaanxi, Shandong, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang; Hong Kong
    Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku; Korea; Taiwan
    Malesia: Indonesia - Celebes; Philippines

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
    New Zealand: New Zealand - North Island, South Island
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, West Virginia
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Missouri
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California
  • naturalized elsewhere

  • also cultivated


  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961–. Flora of New Zealand.
  • Atienza, S. G. et al. 2002. Preliminary genetic linkage map of Miscanthus sinensis with RAPD markers. Theor. Appl. Genet. 105:946–952. [diploid (2n=38) plants were used to construct the genetic map for analysis of agronomically interesting characters for biomass production].
  • Burner, D. M. 1997. Chromosome transmission and meiotic behavior in various sugarcane crosses. J. Amer. Soc. Sugar Cane Technol. 17:38–50.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Fu, Y. C. et al. 1977–. Flora intramongolica.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Guangdong Inst. Bot., ed. 1964–1977. Flora Hainanica.
  • Hodkinson, T. R. et al. 2002. Phylogenetics of Miscanthus, Saccharum and related genera (Saccharinae, Andropogoneae, Poaceae) based on DNA sequences from ITS nuclear ribosomal DNA and plastid trnL intron and trnL-F intergenic spacers. J. Pl. Res. 115:381–392. [this study revealed a polyphyletic Miscanthus, all accessions examined of this taxon clustered in an unresolved clade (as Miscanthus s. str.) sister to the Saccharum complex].
  • How, F. C., ed. 1956. Flora of Kwangchow.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Kitagawa, M. 1979. Neo-lineamenta florae Manshuricae.
  • Koyama, T. 1987. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions.
  • Lazarides, M. 1980. The tropical grasses of Southeast Asia.
  • Lewandowski, I. et al. 2003. The development and current status of perennial rhizomatous grasses as energy crops in the US and Europe. Biomass Bioenergy 25:345–346.
  • Li, H. L. et al., eds. 1975–1979. Flora of Taiwan.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Merrill, E. D. 1922–1926. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants.
  • Meyer, M. H. 2012. Chapter 3. Ornamental grasses in the United States. Hort. Rev. 39:121–151.
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:110.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Steward, A. N. 1958. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley.
  • Sun, Q, et al. 2010. A taxonomic revision of Miscanthus s.l. (Poaceae) from China. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 164:191, 201.
  • Tzvelev, N. N. 1976. Zlaki SSSR.
  • Walker, E. 1976. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).


Check other web resources for Miscanthus sinensis Andersson:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (25 November 2015)

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