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Taxon: Fragaria ×ananassa Duchesne ex Rozier

Genus: Fragaria
Family: Rosaceae subfamily: Rosoideae tribe: Potentilleae subtribe: Fragariinae
Nomen number: 244
Place of publication: Cours compl. agric. 5:52, t. 5, fig. 1. 1785 (A. N. Duchesne in J. B. A. P. M. de Lamarck, Encycl. 2:538. 1788)(A. N. Duchesne, Hist. nat. frais. 190. 1766, as "races principales")
Comment: = F. chiloensis × F. virginiana
Name verified on: 24-Mar-2006 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 24-Mar-2006
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR).
Accessions: 588 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • only available ) NPGS core subset accessions for the crop ‘STRAWBERRY’ ) or .
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • garden strawberry   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • strawberry   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • fraisier   (Source: C. Feuillet, p.c.) – French
  • fraisier ananas   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Ananaserdbeere   (Source: Zander ed14 ) – German
  • Erdbeere   (Source: L. Conrad, p.c.) – German
  • Gartenerdbeere   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • Kulturerdbeere   (Source: Zander ed16 ) – German
  • oranda-ichigo   (Source: F Japan ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • ttalgi   (Source: F Korea ) – Transcribed Korean
  • morangueiro   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • fresa   (Source: B. León, p.c.) – Spanish
  • fresa ananás   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • widely cultivated


  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource).
  • Castroviejo, S. et al., eds. 1989–. Flora iberica: plantas vasculares de la Peninsula Iberica e Islas Baleares. [lists as F. ×ananassa (Weston) Duchesne ex Rozier].
  • Conrad, L. R. 1998. pers. comm. [re. German common names].
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. [lists as F. ×ananassa Duchesne].
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. [= F. ×magna Thuill.].
  • Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2000. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage. [lists as F. ×ananassa (Duchesne) Guédès].
  • Feuillet, C. 1998. pers. comm. [re. French common names].
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Guédès, M. 1981. No species names for strawberries ever published by A. N. Duchesne. Taxon 30:299. [?= F. ×magna Thuill.].
  • Guédès, M. 1984. Naming the dessert strawberry (Rosaceae). Taxon 33:724–725. [lists as F. ×ananassa (Duchesne) Guédès].
  • Hammer, K. & K. Pistrick. 2003. New versus old scientific names in strawberries (Fragaria L.). Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 50:789–791. [lists as F. ×ananassa Duchesne ex Rozier].
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. [lists as F. ×ananassa Duchesne].
  • IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993–. Flora of Japan.
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. [lists as F. ×ananassa Duchesne].
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR. [lists as F. ×ananassa Duchesne].
  • Lee, Y. N. 1997. Flora of Korea.
  • León, B. 1998. pers. comm. [re. Spanish common names].
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. [lists as F. ×ananassa Duchesne].
  • Mabberley, D. J. 2002. Potentilla and Fragaria (Rosaceae) reunited. Telopea 9:796. [= Potentilla ×ananassa (Duchesne ex Rozier) Mabb.].
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:100.
  • Nicolson, D. H. 1984. Nomenclat. Ed. note: M. Guédès, "Naming the desert strawberry (Rosaceae)". Taxon 33:725–726. [counters Guédès's arguments, defending continued usage of F. ×ananassa Duchesne].
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rehm, S. & G. Espig. 1991. The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Staudt, G. 1996. In Erwerbsobstbau: The correct scientific names of the cultivated strawberries. 38:45. [lists as F. ×ananassa Duchesne].
  • Staudt, G. 1999. Systematics and geographical distribution of the American strawberry species. Taxonomic studies in the genus Fragaria (Rosaceae: Potentilleae). Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 81:125. [lists as F. ×ananassa Duchesne].
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. 1948–. Flora malesiana. [lists as F. ×ananassa (Duchesne) Guédès].
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea. [lists as F. ×ananassa Duchesne].
  • Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts. In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 2:171. [lists as F. ×ananassa (Duchesne) Guédès].
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986–. European garden flora. [lists as F. ×ananassa Duchesne].


Check other web resources for Fragaria ×ananassa Duchesne ex Rozier:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (29 August 2015)

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