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Taxon: Mesembryanthemum crystallinum L.

Genus: Mesembryanthemum
Family: Aizoaceae subfamily: Mesembryanthemoideae. Also placed in: Mesembryanthemaceae
Nomen number: 24132
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:480. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 16-Nov-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 16-Nov-2010
No species priority site assigned.

NO ACCESSIONS IN NPGS UNDER THIS NAME.

Common names:

  • common iceplant   (Source: BSBI ) – English
  • crystalline iceplant   (Source: Names Beetle ) – English
  • iceplant   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • ficoïde cristalline   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • ficoïde glaciale   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Eiskraut   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • barrilha   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • barrilla de Canarias   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • escarchada   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • escarchosa   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • isört   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores, Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    Middle Atlantic Ocean: St. Helena
    Northern Africa: Algeria [n.]; Libya [n.]; Morocco; Tunisia
    West Tropical Africa: Mauritania
    South Tropical Africa: Angola [s.w.]
    Southern Africa: Namibia; South Africa - Eastern Cape, Northern Cape, Western Cape
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Egypt - Sinai; Israel
  • EUROPE
    Southeastern Europe: Croatia [s.w.]; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]
    Southwestern Europe: France [s.e. & Corsica]; Spain [incl. Baleares]

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    Northern Africa: Egypt [n.]
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia [s.]
  • EUROPE
    Southwestern Europe: Portugal
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Pennsylvania
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California
    Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja California
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Western South America: Ecuador; Peru - Arequipa
    Southern South America: Argentina - Chubut, Rio Negro; Chile

      Uncertain:
  • EUROPE
    Southeastern Europe: Greece [incl. Crete]

      Cultivated:
  • also cultivated

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Beetle, A. A. 1970. Recommended plant names. Univ. Wyoming Agr. Exp. Sta. Res. J. 31.
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45.
  • Conant, P. et al. 1997. Appendix. Selected plant species interfering with resource management goals in North American natural areas. 255–267 In: Luken, J. O. & J. W. Thieret, eds., Assessment and management of plant invasions. 255–267.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Eriksson, O. et al. 1979. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • George, A. S., ed. 1980–. Flora of Australia.
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984–. Med-Checklist.
  • Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. 1973–. Flora of Ecuador.
  • Hartmann, H. E. K., ed. 2001. Illustrated handbook of succulent plants: Aizoaceae A-E & Aizoaceae F-Z. F–Z:148.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  • Jacobsen, H. J. 1981. Das Sukkulentenlexicon, ed. 2. 500.
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972–. Atlas florae europaeae.
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75.
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1993. Flora europaea, second edition.
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986–. European garden flora.
  • Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds.
  • Wiggins, I. L. 1980. Flora of Baja California. [introduced].
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966–. Flora palaestina.
  • Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. 1996. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74., 1999
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Mesembryanthemum crystallinum L.:

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP: North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Check other web resources for images:

  • PlantSystematics.org
  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?24132 (22 October 2014)

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