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Taxon: Mentha pulegium L.

Genus: Mentha section: Pulegium
Family: Lamiaceae (alt. Labiatae) subfamily: Nepetoideae tribe: Mentheae
Nomen number: 24079
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:577. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 20-Sep-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 27-Jan-2012
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR).
Accessions: 8 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • only available ) NPGS core subset accessions for the crop ‘MINT’ ) or .
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • European pennyroyal   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • pennyroyal   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • menthe pouliot   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • pouliot   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Poleiminze   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • pulegio   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Italian
  • poejo   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • hortelã-miúda   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • menta-miúda   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • poejo-das-hortas   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • poejo-real   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • mjata blošnica   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Transliterated Russian
  • poleo   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • polejmynta   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

    Macaronesia: Cape Verde; Portugal - Azores, Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    Northern Africa: Algeria [n.]; Egypt; Libya [n.]; Morocco; Tunisia
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia
    Western Asia: Cyprus; Iran [n.]; Israel; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan [s.w.]; Turkmenistan
    Northern Europe: Ireland; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    East Europe: Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece [incl. Crete]; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Romania
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain [incl. Baleares]

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
    Australia: Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand
    Northern Europe: United Kingdom
    United States
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    Brazil: Brazil [s.]
    Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Uruguay

    Caucasus: Georgia
    Indian Subcontinent: India
    Malesia: Indonesia - Java
    Europe [s.]
    United States
    Caribbean: Cuba
    Brazil: Brazil
    Southern South America: Chile


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  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961–. Flora of New Zealand.
  • Castroviejo, S. et al., eds. 1989–. Flora iberica: plantas vasculares de la Peninsula Iberica e Islas Baleares.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Fennane, M. et al., eds. 1999–. Flore pratique du Maroc.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource).
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984–. Med-Checklist.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6.
  • Hansen, A. & P. Sunding. 1993. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17.
  • Harley, R. M. & T. Reynolds, eds. 1992. Advances in labiate science.
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989–. Flora of Ethiopia. (and Eritrea. 2000)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  • Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  • Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres.
  • Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire. 1931–1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Magness, J. R. et al. 1971. Food and feed crops of the United States. IR Bull. 1.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Mouterde, P. 1966–. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson. 1992. Noxious weeds of Australia.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962–1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Sell, P. & G. Murrell. 1996–. Flora of Great Britain and Ireland.
  • Silva, L. et al. 2005. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta).
  • Tucker, A. O. & R. F. C. Naczi. 2007. Mentha: an overview of its classification and relationships. Pp. 25–26 in: Lawrence, B. M., ed., Mint: the genus Mentha.
  • Tucker, A. O. et al. 1980. The Linnaean types of Mentha (Lamiaceae). Taxon 29:237.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Valdés, B. et al., eds. 2002. Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du nord du Maroc, incluant des clés d'identification.
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  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966–. Flora palaestina.


Check other web resources for Mentha pulegium L.:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (27 November 2015)

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