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Taxon: Mentha ×piperita L.

Genus: Mentha section: Mentha
Family: Lamiaceae (alt. Labiatae) subfamily: Nepetoideae tribe: Mentheae.
Nomen number: 24078
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:576. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Comment: = M. aquatica × M. spicata
Name verified on: 02-Dec-1993 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 27-Jan-2012
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR).
Accessions: 44 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • only available ) NPGS core subset accessions for the crop ‘MINT’ ) or .
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


Common names:

  • black peppermint   (Source: Gen Mentha 31.) – English
  • curly mint   (Source: Gen Mentha 31.) – English
  • hairy peppermint   (Source: Gen Mentha 31.) – English
  • peppermint   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • white peppermint   (Source: Gen Mentha 31.) – English
  • menthe poivrée   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Pfefferminze   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • weiße Minze   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – German
  • hortelã-pimenta   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • mjata perečnaja   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Transliterated Russian
  • menta piperita   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • pepparmynta   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
More:

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

      Naturalized:
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Gorno-Altay, Kemerovo
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia [s.e.]
    New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Ireland; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Russian Federation - European part [s.]; Ukraine
    Southeastern Europe: Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece; Italy [incl. Sicily]; Romania
    Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain [incl. Baleares]
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Canada
    United States

      Cultivated:
  • AFRICA
    Northern Africa: Morocco
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania
    South Tropical Africa: Angola
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Caucasus: Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
    Middle Asia: Kyrgyzstan; Turkmenistan
    China: China
    Eastern Asia: Japan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
  • EUROPE
    East Europe: Russian Federation - European part [s.]
    Europe
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Canada
    United States
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Brazil: Brazil
    Southern South America: Argentina; Chile

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961–. Flora of New Zealand.
  • Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India. 1962. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials. Delhi. 6:342–344.
  • Cronquist, A. et al. 1972–. Intermountain flora.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Fennane, M. et al., eds. 1999–. Flore pratique du Maroc.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6.
  • Harley, R. M. 1975. Mentha L. 387 In: Stace, C. A., ed., Hybridization and the flora of the British Isles. 387.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. 2000–. Flora of Siberia (English translation).
  • Kunkel, G. 1984. Plants for human consumption.
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia.
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Sell, P. & G. Murrell. 1996–. Flora of Great Britain and Ireland.
  • Small, E. 1997. Culinary herbs.
  • Tucker, A. O. & R. F. C. Naczi. 2007. Mentha: an overview of its classification and relationships. 31–32 In: Lawrence, B. M., ed., Mint: the genus Mentha. 31–32.
  • Tucker, A. O. et al. 1980. The Linnaean types of Mentha (Lamiaceae). Taxon 29:235.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • University of Texas Herbarium. 2000–. The mints of Texas (on-line resource).
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Mentha ×piperita L.:


Images:

  • GRIN Images of germplasm accessions.
  • Seeds or fruits: Seed ID Workshop image, from Department of Horticulture and Crop Science, Ohio State University
More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?24078 (29 August 2014)

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