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Taxon: Melilotus officinalis (L.) Lam.

Genus: Melilotus
Family: Fabaceae (alt. Leguminosae) subfamily: Faboideae tribe: Trifolieae. Also placed in: Papilionaceae
Nomen number: 24009
Place of publication: Fl. franç. 2:594. 1779 ("1778") (Pallas, Reise russ. reich. 3:537. 1776, nom. nud.)
Comment: Trifolium M. officinale L. was not cited by Lamarck, although he cited T. M. vars. for other species such as M. italicus and M. ornithopodioides, but Melbourne ICN Art. 41.4 allows treatment as a new combination
Name verified on: 14-Jan-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 21-Oct-2013
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7).
Accessions: 344 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • only available ) NPGS core subset accessions for the crop ‘SWEET-CLOVER’ ) or .
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


Common names:

  • common melilot   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • field melilot   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • ribbed melilot   (Source: F BritStace ) – English
  • yellow melilot   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • yellow sweet-clover   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • yellow trefoil   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • cao mu xi   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • mélilot jaune   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • mélilot officinal   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • echter Steinklee   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – German
  • gelber Steinklee   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • meliloto giallo   (Source: HerbSpices ) – Italian
  • seiyō-ebira-hagi   (Source: F Japan ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • trevo-cheiroso   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • cornilla real   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • meliloto amarillo   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • trébol de olor   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • gul sötväppling   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
More:

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Iraq [n.e.]; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    China: China [w.]
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India - Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir; Pakistan [n.]
  • EUROPE
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece; Italy [incl. Sardinia]; Romania
    Southwestern Europe: France; Spain [incl. Baleares]

      Naturalized:
  • AFRICA
    Northern Africa: Morocco
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya
    Southern Africa: South Africa - Gauteng, Western Cape
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Lebanon
    Eastern Asia: Japan
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Canada
    United States
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Uruguay

      Cultivated:
  • also cultivated

References:

  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource).
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Campbell, F. T., ed. 1995. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils. (unpublished draft)
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. [poisonous].
  • Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. 1987. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols. 2:208.
  • Cronquist, A. et al. 1972–. Intermountain flora. [lists as M. officinalis (L.) Pall.].
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. [lists as M. officinalis (L.) Desr.].
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Duke, J. A. 1981. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. [lists as M. officinalis (L.) Lam.].
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Graham, E. H. 1941. Legumes for erosion control and wildlife. USDA Misc. Publ. 412.
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984–. Med-Checklist. [lists as M. officinalis (L.) Lam.].
  • Inst. Bot. V. L. Komarova, Acad. Sci. URSS. 1963–. Plantae asiae centralis.
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993–. Flora of Japan.
  • Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. [poisonous].
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR. [lists as M. officinalis (L.) Desr.].
  • Kumar, S & P. V. Sane. 2003. Legumes of South Asia: a checklist.
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. [lists as M. officinalis (L.) Pall.].
  • Lock, J. M. 1989. Legumes of Africa: a checklist.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:110.
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan. [lists as M. officinalis (L.) Pall.].
  • Pignatti, S. 1982. Flora d'Italia. [lists as M. officinalis (L.) Pall.].
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica. [lists as M. officinalis (L.) Pall.].
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Sales, F. & I. C. Hedge. 1993. Melilotus Miller (Leguminosae): typification and nomenclature. Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 51:173. [lists as M. officinalis (L.) Pall.].
  • Sell, P. & G. Murrell. 1996–. Flora of Great Britain and Ireland.
  • Smythies, B. E. 1984–1986. Flora of Spain and the Balearic Islands: checklist of vascular plants. Englera 3:1-882. [lists as M. officinalis (L.) Pall.].
  • Stace, C. 1995. New flora of the British Isles.
  • Stevenson, G. A. 1969. An agronomic and taxonomic review of the genus Melilotus Mill. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 49:8. [lists as M. officinalis (L.) Lam.].
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966–. Flora of Iraq. [lists as M. officinalis (L.) Pall.].
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea. [lists as M. officinalis (L.) Pall.].
  • University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program. UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource).
  • Uphof, J. C. T. 1968. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2.
  • Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Yakovlev, G. P. et al. 1996. Legumes of Northern Eurasia. [lists as M. officinalis (L.) Pall.].
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Melilotus officinalis (L.) Lam.:

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP: North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database and Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images or nodulation data:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?24009 (20 November 2014)

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