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Taxon: Medicago truncatula Gaertn.

Genus: Medicago section: Spirocarpos subsection: Pachyspireae
Family: Fabaceae (alt. Leguminosae) subfamily: Faboideae tribe: Trifolieae. Also placed in: Papilionaceae
Nomen number: 23705
Place of publication: Fruct. sem. pl. 2:350, t. 155, fig. 7. 1791
Name verified on: 11-Jun-1987 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 03-Oct-2008
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6).
Accessions: 406 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • only available ) NPGS core subset accessions for the crop ‘MEDIC’ ) or .
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


Common names:

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Economic importance:

  • Environmental: soil improver   (fide Trop Leg; Cover Crop Database)
  • Animal food: forage   (fide Leg Queensl)
  • Gene sources: potential for disease resistance in alfalfa   (fide Agron Monog 29:119. 1988)
  • Gene sources: research in plant biology   (fide Genet Research 89:108. 2009)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals   (fide Kellerman et al.)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant   (fide Can J Bot 67:3270. 1989)
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Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Cyprus; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey [w. & s.]
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia
    Middle Asia: Turkmenistan
  • EUROPE
    East Europe: Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Former Yugoslavia; Greece [incl. Crete]; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain [incl. Baleares]

      Naturalized:
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Southern South America: Argentina [c.]; Uruguay [s. & w.]

      Cultivated:
  • also cultivated

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976–. Flora of Libya.
  • Badri, M. et al. 2007. Quantitative and molecular genetic variation in sympatric populations of Medicago laciniata and M. truncatula (Fabaceae):relationships with eco-geographical factors. Genet. Res. 89:107–122.
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Eriksson, O. et al. 1979. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984–. Med-Checklist.
  • Hacker, J. B. 1990. A guide to herbaceous and shrub legumes of Queensland.
  • Heyn, C. C. 1963. The annual species of Medicago. Scripta Hierosolymitana 12:95.
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  • International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  • Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres.
  • Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire. 1931–1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc.
  • Kellerman, T. S. et al. 1988. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR. [= M. tribuloides Desr.].
  • Lesins, K. A. & I. Lesins. 1979. Genus Medicago (Leguminosae). A taxogenetic study. 166.
  • Mouterde, P. 1966–. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  • National Academy of Sciences. 1979. Tropical legumes: resources for the future.
  • Pignatti, S. 1982. Flora d'Italia.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Pottier-Alapetite, G. 1979–1981. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones.
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962–1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  • Quiros, C. F. & G. R. Bauchan. 1988. The genus Medicago and the origin of the Medicago sativa complex. In A. A. Hanson et al., eds., Alfalfa and alfalfa improvement. Agronomy 29:93–124.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Sales, F. & I. C. Hedge. 1994. Medicago L. (Leguminosae): typification and nomenclature. Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 51:323.
  • Small, E. & M. Jomphe. 1989. A synopsis of the genus Medicago (Leguminosae). Canad. J. Bot. 32:3270.
  • Small, E. et al. 1981. The taxonomic value of floral characters in tribe Trigonelleae (Leguminosae), with special reference to Medicago. Canad. J. Bot. 59:1581.
  • Small, E. et al. 1991. Medicago truncatula f. laxicycla (Leguminosae), a new taxon with loose fruit coiling promoting rapid germination of the fruit-retained seeds. Pl. Syst. Evol. 174:37–46.
  • Small, E. 1981. A numerical analysis of major groupings in Medicago employing traditionally used characters. Canad. J. Bot. 59:1555.
  • Smythies, B. E. 1984–1986. Flora of Spain and the Balearic Islands: checklist of vascular plants. Englera 3:1-882.
  • Täckholm, V. 1974. Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2.
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966–. Flora of Iraq.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program. UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource).
  • Yakovlev, G. P. et al. 1996. Legumes of Northern Eurasia.
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966–. Flora palaestina.
  • Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. 1996. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74., 1999
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Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Medicago truncatula Gaertn.:

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database and Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images or nodulation data:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?23705 (24 November 2014)

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