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Taxon: Allium sativum L.

Genus: Allium subgenus: Allium section: Allium
Family: Amaryllidaceae subfamily: Allioideae tribe: Allieae. Also placed in: Alliaceae Liliaceae
Nomen number: 2368
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:296. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 12-Jan-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 30-Jan-2008
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6).
Accessions: 314 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


See also subordinate taxa:


Common names:

  • common garlic   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Allium sativum var. sativum]
  • garlic   (Source: CRC MedHerbs ed2 ) – English
  • ophio garlic   (Source: Cornucopia ) – English   [Allium sativum var. ophioscorodon]
  • rocambole   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Allium sativum var. ophioscorodon]
  • serpent garlic   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Allium sativum var. ophioscorodon]
  • Spanish garlic   (Source: Cornucopia ) – English   [Allium sativum var. ophioscorodon]
  • thoum   (Source: F Egypt ) – Arabic
  • suan   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • ail   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • ail blanc   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Allium sativum var. sativum]
  • ail cultivé   (Source: L Noms French ed6 ) – French   [Allium sativum var. sativum]
  • ail rocambole   (Source: HerbSpices ) – French   [Allium sativum var. ophioscorodon]
  • echte Rokkenbolle   (Source: Zander ed14 ) – German   [Allium sativum var. ophioscorodon]
  • echter Knoblauch   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – German   [Allium sativum var. sativum]
  • Knoblauch   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • Rockenbolle   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – German   [Allium sativum var. ophioscorodon]
  • Schlangenknoblauch   (Source: Zander ed14 ) – German   [Allium sativum var. ophioscorodon]
  • aglio d'India   (Source: HerbSpices ) – Italian   [Allium sativum var. ophioscorodon]
  • ninniku   (Source: Names Batra [as A. sativum f. pekinense]) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • maneul   (Source: Kulturpflanze 34:76.) – Transcribed Korean
  • alho   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • alho-bravo   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)   [Allium sativum var. sativum]
  • alho-comum   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)   [Allium sativum var. sativum]
  • alho-hortense   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)   [Allium sativum var. sativum]
  • ajo   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • vitlök   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
More:

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Cultivated:
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Spain - Canary Islands
    Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Sudan
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    West Tropical Africa: Burkina Faso; Guinea; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
    South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    Southern Africa: Botswana
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Far East
    China: China
    Eastern Asia: Korea
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India
    Indo-China: Indochina; Thailand
    Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia - Victoria
  • EUROPE
    Middle Europe: Austria; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Poland; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Greece; Italy; Romania
    Southwestern Europe: France; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Canada
    Mexico
    United States
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Mesoamerica: Central America
    Brazil: Brazil
    Western South America: Ecuador
  • also cultivated elsewhere

      Other:
  • possible origin c. Asia

References:

More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Allium sativum L.:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?2368 (16 September 2014)

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