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Taxon: Medicago polymorpha L.

Genus: Medicago section: Spirocarpos subsection: Leptospireae
Family: Fabaceae (alt. Leguminosae) subfamily: Faboideae tribe: Trifolieae. Also placed in: Papilionaceae
Nomen number: 23645
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:779. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Comment: since M. polymorpha L. did not have a holotype or syntypes, all 13 varietal names of Linnaeus are validly published fide Melbourne ICN Art. 26, Ex. 4
Name verified on: 09-Jun-1987 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 21-Jan-2014
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6).
Accessions: 568 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • only available ) NPGS core subset accessions for the crop ‘MEDIC’ ) or .
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


SPECIES RESTRICTED AS A STATE NOXIOUS WEED
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
AZ*°.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

See also subordinate taxa:


Common names:

  • bur medic   (Source: Cover Crop Database ) – English
  • bur trefoil   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • California bur-clover   (Source: F CalifJep ) – English
  • hairy medic   (Source: Dict Rehm [as M. nigra]) – English
  • rough medic   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • toothed bur-clover   (Source: F Iraq ) – English
  • toothed medic   (Source: F BritStace ) – English
  • toothed medick   (Source: BSBI ) – English
  • trefoil-clover   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • nafal   (Source: F Egypt ) – Arabic
  • nan mu xu   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • luzerne hérissée   (Source: Dict Rehm [as M. nigra]) – French
  • rauher Schneckenklee   (Source: Dict Rehm [as M. nigra]) – German
  • medica ispida   (Source: Mult Glossary Crops ) – Italian
  • uma-goyashi   (Source: Names Batra ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • gaejari   (Source: F Korea [as M. hispida]) – Transcribed Korean
  • carretón de amores   (Source: Dict Rehm [as M. nigra]) – Spanish
  • trébol de carretilla   (Source: Dict Rehm [as M. nigra]) – Spanish
  • tagglusern   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
More:

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Arabian Peninsula: Oman; Qatar; United Arab Emirates; Yemen
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    Caucasus: Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Germany
    East Europe: Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece [incl. Crete]; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Romania
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain [incl. Baleares]

      Naturalized:
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores
    Southern Africa: South Africa
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India; Pakistan
    Indo-China: Vietnam
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
  • EUROPE
    Middle Europe: Belgium; Czechoslovakia; Hungary; Netherlands; Switzerland
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    United States
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Mesoamerica: Costa Rica; Guatemala
    Brazil: Brazil [s.]
    Western South America: Ecuador; Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina [e.-c.]; Chile; Uruguay

      Adventive:
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Mexico

      Cultivated:
  • also cultivated

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976–. Flora of Libya.
  • Batra, L. R. 1995. Names of Japanese plants sorted by their Japanese names in Romanized Katakana and scientific nomenclature.
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  • Boulos, L. 1999–. Flora of Egypt.
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45.
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. [poisonous].
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Duke, J. A. 1981. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance.
  • Eriksson, O. et al. 1979. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Ghazanfar, S. A. 1992. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2.
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984–. Med-Checklist.
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. 2000. International code of botanical nomenclature (Saint Louis Code). Art. 26.2, Ex. 4.
  • Heyn, C. C. 1963. The annual species of Medicago. Scripta Hierosolymitana 12:71.
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California.
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  • Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds.
  • Huang, S. F. & T. C. Huang. 1987. Taxonomic treatment of the Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Taiwan. Taiwania 32:11-117.
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  • International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  • Isely, D. 1998. Native and naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States (exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii).
  • Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres.
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75.
  • Kellerman, T. S. et al. 1988. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa. [poisonous].
  • Kumar, S & P. V. Sane. 2003. Legumes of South Asia: a checklist.
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia.
  • Lesins, K. A. & I. Lesins. 1979. Genus Medicago (Leguminosae). A taxogenetic study. 196.
  • Lock, J. M. & J. Heald. 1994. Legumes of Indochina: a checklist.
  • Lock, J. M. & K. Simpson. 1991. Legumes of West Asia: a checklist.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McVaugh, R. 1983–. Flora Novo-Galiciana.
  • Mouterde, P. 1966–. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. [= M. hispida Gaertn.].
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  • Norton, J. et al. 2009. Illustrated checklist of the flora of Qatar.
  • Pignatti, S. 1982. Flora d'Italia.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. [= M. nigra].
  • Shinners, L. H. 1956. Authorship and nomenclature of bur clovers (Medicago) found wild in the United States. Rhodora 58:5.
  • Silva, L. et al. 2005. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta).
  • Small, E. & M. Jomphe. 1989. A synopsis of the genus Medicago (Leguminosae). Canad. J. Bot. 67:3272.
  • Small, E. et al. 1981. The taxonomic value of floral characters in tribe Trigonelleae (Leguminosae), with special reference to Medicago. Canad. J. Bot. 59:1580.
  • Small, E. 1981. A numerical analysis of major groupings in Medicago employing traditionally used characters. Canad. J. Bot. 59:1555. [nom. ambig.?].
  • Smythies, B. E. 1984–1986. Flora of Spain and the Balearic Islands: checklist of vascular plants. Englera 3:1-882.
  • Stace, C. 1995. New flora of the British Isles.
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946–1976. Flora of Guatemala. [= M. hispida Gaertn.].
  • Täckholm, V. 1974. Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2.
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966–. Flora of Iraq.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program. UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource).
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource).
  • Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the flora of Yemen.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966–. Flora palaestina.
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Medicago polymorpha L.:

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP: North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database and Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images or nodulation data:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?23645 (21 October 2014)

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